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Bombardment and Capture of Fort Pulaski, GA
in the American Civil War
Union Battle Summary
|Fort Pulaski, Ga., April 10-11, 1862. U.S. Troops
under Maj.-Gen. Hunter. After the capture of the forts at Port Royal
the Confederates abandoned all the seaboard cities south of Charleston
except Savannah, which was guarded by Fort Pulaski at the mouth of the
Savannah river. In Dec., 1861, operations were begun for the reduction
of this fort. Capt. Q.A. Gilmore, of the U.S. engineer corps, had
direct charge of this work. Eleven batteries were placed on Tybee
island, adjacent to Cockspur island, upon which Fort Pulaski was
located, and other works were erected on the islands surrounding. The
Union force on April 10 consisted of the 46th and 48th N.Y. infantry,
the 1st N.Y. engineers, the 6th and 7th Conn., the 8th Me., and the
8th Mich. infantry, the 3rd R.I. artillery and a detachment of U.S.
engineers. A company of seamen from the U.S.S. Wabash also manned one
of the batteries. Early on the morning of the 10th Maj.-Gen. David
Hunter demanded the surrender of the fort. The demand was refused and
at 8 a.m. the bombardment was begun, and was continued without
interruption until 2 p.m. of the 11th, when the confederates
surrendered. The Union loss was 1 killed; the enemy had 3 wounded. The
whole armament of the fort, 47 guns, a large supply of fixed
ammunition, 40,000 pounds of powder, and a large quantity of
commissary stores, came into the hands of the Federals. Some 360
Confederates were surrendered as prisoners.
Source: The Union Army, Volume 5, Cyclopedia of Battles,