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7th Wisconsin Light Battery
in the American Civil War

Regimental History

Seventh Wisconsin Light Battery. — Capts., Richard R. Griffith, Harry S. Lee, Arthur B. Wheelock; First Lieuts., Harry S. Lee, Galen E. Green, Arthur B. Wheelock, William E. Hearsey, James H. Bridgeman; Second Lieuts., Arthur B. Wheelock, William E. Hearsey, James H. Bridgeman, Moses Jerome, Samuel Hayes, Frank Fox, James H. Langworthy. This battery, called the "Badger State Flying Artillery," was organized at Milwaukee during the summer and fall of 1861, and was mustered in Oct. 4. It left the state March 15, 1862, for St. Louis and was sent to New Madrid, where it was placed in charge of heavy siege guns during the siege of Island No. 10. It was engaged in garrison duty on that island after its surrender and on June 11, left for Union City and Trenton, Tenn., for railroad guard duty. On July 20 it moved to Humboldt and remained there until Dec. 1, when the battery was divided, 3 guns being sent to Trenton. About the middle of the month, a feint by Forrest's cavalry on Jackson led to a concentration of forces at that point, leaving a part of the battery, some horses, camp and garrison equipage, all of which was captured by the enemy two days later, as well as much of the camp equipage at Trenton. Half of the battery was sent as far as Lexington, Ky., after Forrest and the entire battery took part at Parker's cross- roads in December, but the enemy with 10 guns in concentric fire disabled the guns of one section and captured the men handling them. Most of those captured were released later by a charge of infantry. The battery was stationed at Jackson until June 1, 1863, when it moved to Corinth, thence to Memphis, where it was attached to the 4th brigade, 5th division, 16th army corps, for permanent garrison duty, and remained there, with the exception of a few short expeditions, until the close of the war. The reenlisted veterans took a furlough home in February, but returned early in April, and on May 1 the right section joined the pursuit of Forrest, a ten days hard trip. The left section engaged in a similar expedition in June and in a severe engagement near Gimtown, Miss., lost its guns, and 5 men. The guns were soon retaken and used on the raiders with telling effect. The battery was mustered out at Madison. Its original strength was 158. Gain by recruits, 93; substitutes, 1; reenlistments, 92; total, 344. Loss by death, 29; desertion, 9; transfer, 1; discharge, 68; mustered out, 237.

Regimental history taken from "The Union Army" by Federal Publishing Company, 1908 - Volume 4

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