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5th Wisconsin Light Battery
in the American Civil War

Regimental History

Fifth Wisconsin Light Battery. — Capts., Oscar F. Pinney, Charles B. Humphrey, George Q. Gardner, Joseph McKnight; First Lieuts., Washington Hill, George Q. Gardner, Joseph McKnight, George Lafferty, Daniel Titus, Charles B. Humphrey, Elijah Booth, Jr.; Second Lieuts., Almon Smith, Joseph McKnight, George Lafferty, Daniel Titus, Elijah Booth Jr., John Dickinson, George Q. Gardner, Charles M. Wyman. This battery was organized at Monroe, but afterwards rendezvoused at Camp Utley, Racine, and was mustered in Oct. 1, 1861. It left the state March 15, 1862, for St. Louis and was ordered to New Madrid, where it was engaged in building and guarding forts until the surrender of Island No. 10. It moved with Pope's army in April, took position near Corinth, and was in the battle of Farmington, where two sections of the battery took position in the extreme front and for three days defended a bridge, across which the enemy must advance. The battery passed through the siege of Corinth, was then on guard duty at Ripley from June 29 tmtil Aug. 14, when it was transferred to the Army of the Tennessee and marched to Nashville, thence to Louisville, skirmished with the enemy at Bardstown and participated in the battle of Perryville. It supported McCook's corps, which was hard pressed, and repelled three attempts to take the battery. Gen. McCook thanked the battery, saying it had "saved the corps from disgraceful defeat." It was engaged at Stone's river, where it checked the enemy's advance and was again commended for its "gallant and distinguished" service. It encamped at Murfreesboro during the winter and spring of 1863, and joined the advance towards Chattanooga in June. It reached Crawfish springs at Chickamauga on the second day of the battle, but was not in action. It remained near Chickamauga until Nov. 20, going out on short expeditions. Most of the men reenlisted in Jan., 1864, and were furloughed home for a month. On their return the battery was assigned to the 2nd division, 14th army corps, near Rossville, Ga. It was actively engaged at Resaca and was in a severe skirmish near Rome a few days later. It held several important positions in the operations about Dallas, and was in the front at Kennesaw mountain. Subsequently it took a new position from which it did such effective work as to compel the enemy's artillery to vacate its position. At the battle of Peachtree creek it shelled the enemy out of his works and was then in active service about Atlanta until Aug. 28. It was in the engagement at Jonesboro, and then remained in camp at Atlanta until Oct. 3, when it went on the expedition to repel Hood's threatened attack upon the railroad communications. It returned to Atlanta, moved from there to Savannah with the army, accompanied Sherman north, participated in the battle of Bentonville, and the review at Washington. It was mustered out at Madison June 14, 1865. Its original strength was 155. Gain by recruits, 70; reenlistments, 79; total, 304. Loss by death, 24; desertion, 1; transfer, 5; discharge, 61; mustered out, 213.

Regimental history taken from "The Union Army" by Federal Publishing Company, 1908 - Volume 4

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