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|Forty-second Infantry. Col., Ezra T. Sprague; Lieut. -Col., W.
Wallace Botkins; Maj., John W. Blake. This regiment was organized at Camp Randall,
Madison, in Aug., 1864, was mustered in Sept. 7, and left the state about Sept. 20. It
went to Cairo, Col. Sprague being placed in command of that post, and Lieut. -Col. Botkin
took command of the regiment. On Oct. 15, Cos. A, F, D, I and C were sent to Columbus,
Ky., to assist in the defense against guerrillas. Capt. George M. Humphrey of Co. C, was
appointed chief of ordnance of that post and assistant inspector-general in charge of Fort
Defiance. On Oct. 25, Cos. B, G, K, E and H were ordered to Springfield, where Co. B was
assigned to provost duty and Co. G was sent to Marshall. Cos. H and K were afterwards sent
in search of deserters and to forward drafted men to the rendezvous. The regiment was
reunited at Cairo in the early winter, performed provost and guard duty until June, 1865,
and was mustered out at Madison on June 20. Its original strength was 877. Gain by
recruits, 130; substitute, 1; total, 1,008. Loss by death, 57; desertion, 18; transfer,
149; discharge, 138; mustered out, 646.
Regimental history taken from "The Union Army" by Federal Publishing
Company, 1908 - Volume 4