Second Cavalry. — Cols., Cadwallader C. Washburn, Thomas Stephens,
Nicholas H. Dale; Lieut. -Cols., Thomas Stephens, Levi Sterling, William
H. Miller, H. Eugene Eastman, Nicholas H. Dale, William Woods, Newton De
Forest; Majs., William H. Miller, Nicholas H. Dale, Myron W. Wood, H.
Eugene Eastman, William Woods, John Whytock, Edwin Skewes, Levi
Sterling, Edward D. Luxton, George N. Richmond, Newton De Forest, George
W. Ring. This regiment was organized at Camp Washburn, Milwaukee,
between Dec. 3, 1861, and March 12, 1862. It left the state March 24 for
Benton barracks, St. Louis, where it was mounted and equipped and was
ordered to Springfield in May. The 2nd and 3d battalions were sent to
join Gen. Curtis' army at Augusta, Ark., from there to Helena, where
they remained until Jan., 1863, when they moved to Memphis, and in June
to Snyder's bluff, Miss., where they remained during the siege of
Vicksburg. They joined Sherman's expedition to Jackson in July and then
returned to Redbone, 10 miles from Vicksburg. The 1st battalion was
stationed at Springfield and Cassville, Mo., alternately until Oct.,
1862, when it went to Osage Springs, Ark., and remained there until
December. It was stationed at Forsyth, Mo., until the latter part of
March, 1863, going from there to Lake Springs, and in Sept., 1864,
joined the other battalions at Vicksburg. The regiment was on picket
duty until Nov. 6, when it joined an expedition to Gaines' landing, Ark.
Subsequently it made a 300- mile expedition, destroying bridges,
railroad track, cotton and supplies, and a detachment of 240 men engaged
a considerable force of the enemy near Yazoo City. The regiment was
ordered to Memphis on Dec. 10 and joined an expedition under Gen.
Grierson into Mississippi, destroying much railroad property, bridges
and stores, defeating the enemy in a severe action at Egypt Station and
capturing 500 prisoners, who were placed in charge of the 2nd. The
command then marched through to Vicksburg, destroying the enemy's line
of communication, then returned to Memphis and soon after made two
similar expeditions without notable incident. On May 9, 1865, a
detachment of 330 was sent to Grenada, Miss., for garrison duty and
remained until June 24, when it rejoined the regiment at Alexandria, La.
It was assigned to the 2nd brigade, 2nd cavalry division, Department of
the Gulf, and marched to Hemstead, Tex., where it went into camp. It was
mustered out at Austin, Tex., Nov. 15, 1865. Its original strength was
1,127. Gain by recruits, 979; substitutes, 18; draft, 1; veteran
reenlistments, 385; total, 2,510. Loss by death, 271; missing, 1;
desertion, 103; transfer, 33; discharge, 557; mustered out, 1,541.