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2nd Wisconsin Cavalry
in the American Civil War

Regimental History

Second Cavalry. — Cols., Cadwallader C. Washburn, Thomas Stephens, Nicholas H. Dale; Lieut. -Cols., Thomas Stephens, Levi Sterling, William H. Miller, H. Eugene Eastman, Nicholas H. Dale, William Woods, Newton De Forest; Majs., William H. Miller, Nicholas H. Dale, Myron W. Wood, H. Eugene Eastman, William Woods, John Whytock, Edwin Skewes, Levi Sterling, Edward D. Luxton, George N. Richmond, Newton De Forest, George W. Ring. This regiment was organized at Camp Washburn, Milwaukee, between Dec. 3, 1861, and March 12, 1862. It left the state March 24 for Benton barracks, St. Louis, where it was mounted and equipped and was ordered to Springfield in May. The 2nd and 3d battalions were sent to join Gen. Curtis' army at Augusta, Ark., from there to Helena, where they remained until Jan., 1863, when they moved to Memphis, and in June to Snyder's bluff, Miss., where they remained during the siege of Vicksburg. They joined Sherman's expedition to Jackson in July and then returned to Redbone, 10 miles from Vicksburg. The 1st battalion was stationed at Springfield and Cassville, Mo., alternately until Oct., 1862, when it went to Osage Springs, Ark., and remained there until December. It was stationed at Forsyth, Mo., until the latter part of March, 1863, going from there to Lake Springs, and in Sept., 1864, joined the other battalions at Vicksburg. The regiment was on picket duty until Nov. 6, when it joined an expedition to Gaines' landing, Ark. Subsequently it made a 300- mile expedition, destroying bridges, railroad track, cotton and supplies, and a detachment of 240 men engaged a considerable force of the enemy near Yazoo City. The regiment was ordered to Memphis on Dec. 10 and joined an expedition under Gen. Grierson into Mississippi, destroying much railroad property, bridges and stores, defeating the enemy in a severe action at Egypt Station and capturing 500 prisoners, who were placed in charge of the 2nd. The command then marched through to Vicksburg, destroying the enemy's line of communication, then returned to Memphis and soon after made two similar expeditions without notable incident. On May 9, 1865, a detachment of 330 was sent to Grenada, Miss., for garrison duty and remained until June 24, when it rejoined the regiment at Alexandria, La. It was assigned to the 2nd brigade, 2nd cavalry division, Department of the Gulf, and marched to Hemstead, Tex., where it went into camp. It was mustered out at Austin, Tex., Nov. 15, 1865. Its original strength was 1,127. Gain by recruits, 979; substitutes, 18; draft, 1; veteran reenlistments, 385; total, 2,510. Loss by death, 271; missing, 1; desertion, 103; transfer, 33; discharge, 557; mustered out, 1,541.

Regimental history taken from "The Union Army" by Federal Publishing Company, 1908 - Volume 4

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