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|Tenth Infantry. Cols., Alfred R. Chapin, John G. McMynn, Duncan
McKercher; Lieut. -Cols., Joshua J. Guppey, John G. McMynn, John H. Ely, Jacob W. Roby;
Majs., John G. McMynn, Henry O. Johnson, John H. Ely, Duncan McKercher, Robert Harkness.
This regiment was organized at Milwaukee and was mustered in Oct. 14, 1861, with a
numerical strength of 916. It left the state Nov. 9, and the following spring made a march
upon Bowling Green, dislodged the enemy at Huntsville, where it captured the military
road, machine shops, engines and rolling stock, seized Stevenson, Decatur and Tuscumbia,
and elicited high praise from Brig.-Gen. Mitchell. It defended and saved Paint Rock
bridge, acted as rear-guard in the retrograde movement to the Ohio, in which it fought
guerrillas at almost every step, brought trains safely from Huntsville to Stevenson, and
assisted in repelling an attack at the latter place. It was under a heavy fire at
Perryville, Ky., and at one time held its position with empty guns for 20 minutes until
the battery which it had been ordered to support was placed in a safe position. Of 276 men
engaged 36 were killed, no wounded and 1 missing. Gen. Rousseau said in his report:
"For this gallant conduct, these brave men are entitled to the gratitude of their
country, and I thank them here as I did on the field of battle." The regiment was
engaged at Stone's river, remaining on the field for 4 days; was at Hoover's gap, and took
part at Chattanooga under a terrible fire, losing 18 killed, 56 wounded and 132 missing,
of whom the greater number were prisoners. It supported Loomis' battery at Missionary
ridge, and in the Atlanta campaign participated in the battles at Dallas, Kennesaw
mountain and Peachtree creek. On Oct. 16, 1864, the recruits and reenlisted veterans were
transferred to the 21st regiment and the remainder were sent to Milwaukee where they were
mustered out Oct. 25. The original strength of the regiment was 916. Gain by recruits,
105; veteran reenlistments, 13; total, 1,034. Losses by death, 219; desertion, 21;
transfer, 23; discharge, 316; mustered out, 455.
Regimental history taken from "The Union Army" by Federal Publishing
Company, 1908 - Volume 4