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73rd Ohio Regiment Infantry

Online Books
73rd Ohio Infantry Soldier Roster - Official Roster of the Soldiers of the State of Ohio in the War of the Rebellion, 1861-1866, Volume 6, by Ohio Roster Commission (Joseph B. Foraker, Governor, James S. Robinson, Sec'y of State and H. A. Axline, Adjutant-General), 1886     View Entire Book

Regimental History
Seventy-third Infantry. Col., Orland Smith; Lieut.-Cols., Jacob Hyer, Richard Long, Samuel H. Hurst; Maj., Thomas W. Higgins. This regiment was organized at Chillicothe, Dec. 30, 1861, to serve for three years. It remained in camp perfecting its drill until Jan. 24, 1862, when it moved via Parkersburg to Grafton and Fetterman, W. Va., and thence a few days later to New creek. In the spirited engagement at McDowell in May the regiment was engaged, but met with slight loss. In June it was engaged in the battle of Cross Keys, and lost 8 men killed and wounded. In August the command took up its line of march for Culpeper, and it arrived in time to relieve Gen. Banks' corps on the battle field of Cedar mountain. Passing through Culpeper, the regiment crossed the Rappahannock at White Sulphur springs, moved down the river to Rappahannock Station, and thence up to Freeman's ford, where it engaged the enemy ; thence back to White Sulphur springs and Waterloo to prevent the enemy from crossing. Passing through Warrenton, New Baltimore and Gainesville, the regiment reached the battle ground of Bull Run and in the second battle there acted a prominent part, the gallantry of the brigade of which it was a part saving the army from utter rout. The loss of the regiment was very severe out of 310 men present for duty, 144 were killed or wounded and 20 captured. In the Chancellorsville campaign it formed part of the column which turned the left of Lee's army, crossing the Rappahannock at Kelly's ford and the Rapidan at Germanna. Nothing noteworthy then occurred until it entered upon the Gettysburg campaign. The regiment, with its brigade, held the line in front of Cemetery hill and was almost incessantly engaged on the ground in its front, its losses amounting to 143 officers and men out of about 300. After Lee's retreat over the Potomac the regiment crossed the river with the rest of the army and finally went into camp at Bristoe Station, where it remained until transferred to the Army of the Cumberland. In the fight in Lookout Valley the conduct of the regiment called forth praise and especial notice, Gen. Grant, in his official despatches, naming it "one of the most daring feats of arms of the war." In this action the regiment lost 65 men and officers out of 200. Encamping near the scene of its brilliant exploit, the regiment was occupied by picket duty and building earthworks until Nov. 22, when it crossed the river and was engaged in the battle of Missionary ridge. At the end of the year it veteranized and was furloughed home, then returned to its old camping ground in Lookout valley. In May it moved with the corps through Snake Creek gap, confronted the enemy at Resaca and it was highly complimented by its brigade and division commanders for brilliant conduct in this action. A severe battle followed near New Hope Church, in which, though badly exposed and suffering severely every moment, the regiment stood firm and fought till nightfall, when it was relieved, having suffered a loss of 3 officers and 72 men killed and wounded. Pine mountain, then the railroad with Acworth and Allatoona, then Lost mountain were gained; and the army confronted the enemy strongly upon Kennesaw mountain and around Marietta. On July 20 the regiment reached Peachtree creek and in the engagement that followed there lost 18 men. During the month which followed it was constantly in the front line of works, under fire day and night, and continually at work skirmishing and fortifying, each day losing one or more killed or wounded. At length Atlanta was evacuated. In the campaign the 73d had lost 210 men and 8 officers out of less than 350; had been repeatedly engaged with the enemy, and had never retreated before him. It now encamped near the city, recruiting and working upon the defenses until it started with Sherman on his "march to the sea." Up through the Carolinas, at the battle of Averasboro, N. C, in which the regiment lost 15 men wounded, and then came Bentonville, the last battle of the war, in which it lost 5 men killed and 25 wounded. The regiment was mustered out on July 20, 1865.

Footnotes:
Regimental history taken from "The Union Army" by Federal Publishing Company, 1908 - Volume 2

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