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Ohio Regiment Infantry (3 years)
Infantry Soldier Roster - Official Roster of the Soldiers of the State
of Ohio in the War of the Rebellion, 1861-1866, Volume 2, by Ohio Roster
Commission (Joseph B. Foraker, Governor, James S. Robinson, Sec'y of State
and H. A. Axline, Adjutant-General), 1886
View Entire Book
|Fifth Infantry. — (Three Years' Service.) Cols., Samuel
H. Dunning, John H. Patrick; Lieut.-Cols., Harry G. Armstrong, Robert L.
Kilpatrick, Robert Kirkup; Majs., William Gaskill, John Collins, Henry
E. Symmes, Krewson Yerkes. This regiment was organized at Camp Dennison,
June 21, 1861, to serve for three years. After an active campaign in
West Virginia the 5th was at Winchester in March, and on the 23d marched
out to Kernstown, took position in support of Daum's W. Va. battery, and
the battle of Winchester opened. Late in the afternoon companies A, B,
C, D and E moved up, and passing through a clump of underbrush emerged
into an open field where they received the fire of the enemy. When the
84th Pa. fell back in confusion Gen. Sullivan, commanding the brigade,
exclaimed that the army was whipped : but observing the 5th Ohio still
fighting, he exclaimed: "No, thank God, the brave 5th Ohio is still
standing its ground, and holding the rebels." The regimental colors were
perforated with 48 bullet holes and the state flag with 10. During the
following May the regiment was presented with a beautiful stand of
colors, sent to it by the city council of Cincinnati as a token of
appreciation for its bravery and efficiency in the battle of Winchester.
At the battle of Port Republic the regiment conducted itself with its
usual courage and dash, and after firing a couple of volleys it charged
on a fence behind which two Confederate regiments had taken position.
The charge was a success, the Confederates fleeing into the woods, where
they rallied, but again the 5th charged and captured a piece of
artillery. Immediately thereafter it marched to the left and repulsed a
charge made by the enemy on a battery. When the order to retreat was
finally given, the 5th was designated to cover the movement, in doing
which it lost 185 men taken prisoners. On Aug. 9 it made a forced march
of 8 miles to reach the battle-field of Cedar mountain. At Antietam the
regiment marched on the field at daylight, advanced to the edge of a
belt of woods and opened fire, driving the Confederates into a
cornfield, where it followed and engaged them in a fierce hand-to-hand
conflict, many of them using the butts of their guns. The conflict was
terrible, but the enemy was at last compelled to give way, contesting
every foot of the ground as he did so. During the time the 5th Ohio was
engaged in this battle its cartridge-boxes were emptied three times,
making about 100 shots per man. On the outer edge of the cornfield lay a
row of dead Confederates on their faces, as though they had been dragged
there and laid in order. After various marches and counter-marches, the
5th went into camp at Dumfries, Va., where it was attacked by Gen.
Stuart's cavalry, but the attack was repulsed. On May 1, the regiment
entered the battle of Chancellorsville and performed a distinguished
part, and following that came the great battle of Gettysburg. In the
grand advance of Rosecrans' army toward Chattanooga the 5th formed a
part and had the honor of opening the battle above the clouds, on
Lookout mountain. It was with Sherman in his march to Atlanta, and when
its time of enlistment had expired — notwithstanding its hard and almost
continual service, and the fact that it was literally shattered to
pieces — this brave band of heroes resolved to "go in for the war."
After a short furlough home they were back "to the front," marching to
the sea with Sherman and participating in all the hardships of the
campaign. Then came the great flood of sunlight, Lee's surrender; the
triumphant march to Washington, joining in the grand review ; thence to
the Queen City of the West, their home, and at last the muster-out at
Louisville, July 26, 1865.
Regimental history taken from "The Union Army" by Federal Publishing
Company, 1908 - Volume 2