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45th Ohio Regiment Infantry

Online Books
45th Ohio Infantry Soldier Roster - Official Roster of the Soldiers of the State of Ohio in the War of the Rebellion, 1861-1866, Volume 4, by Ohio Roster Commission (Joseph B. Foraker, Governor, James S. Robinson, Sec'y of State and H. A. Axline, Adjutant-General), 1886     View Entire Book

Regimental History
Forty-fifth Infantry. Col. Benjamin P. Runkle; Lieut.-Cols., Alexander S. Ramsey, Joseph Hill, George E. Ross, John H. Humphrey; Majs., James E. Marsh, James T. Jennings. This regiment was organized at Camp Chase, Aug. 19, 1862, to serve for three years. The day following its muster-in it went to Kentucky, having been ordered to Cynthiana in that state, where it remained until the advance of Gen. Kirby Smith compelled it to fall back to Covington. About the middle of Feb., 1863, it was mounted at Danville and performed much arduous service in pursuit of a body of Confederate cavalry in the region lying between Crab Orchard and Mount Sterling. At Dutton's hill a part of the regiment was engaged for the first time, having 1 man mortally wounded. At Monticello and Rocky gap it lost 2 men killed and several wounded 2 of the latter mortally. It constituted a portion of the force which pursued the Confederates in the raid from the Cumberland to the Ohio at Brandenburg and thence through Indiana and Ohio to Buffington island, where a part of the enemy surrendered. On that occasion this regiment, being in the advance and pushing the enemy hotly, had 1 man mortally and a few others slightly wounded. Returning to the scene of more strenuous hostilities, it lost at Philadelphia, Tenn., 3 men killed, 4 mortally wounded, 1 of whom was an officer, and more than 100 men captured. At the Holston river, the following month, the regiment was suddenly overpowered by a very spirited attack and thrown into disorder, 100 men and officers being taken prisoners, 5 killed and several wounded. In the fighting of Nov. 18, in the siege of Knoxville, the regiment lost 5 men killed and 6 mortally wounded, including the adjutant. It was next engaged in the action at Bean's station, but without sustaining loss. In May, 1864, the battle of Resaca was fought, in which the regiment had 2 men killed and 3 mortally wounded. It afterward participated in many of the actions of the Atlanta campaign, and then followed Hood to Tennessee. It was mustered out June 12, 1865.

Footnotes:
Regimental history taken from "The Union Army" by Federal Publishing Company, 1908 - Volume 2

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