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3rd Ohio Regiment Infantry (3 years)

Online Books
3rd Ohio Infantry Soldier Roster - Official Roster of the Soldiers of the State of Ohio in the War of the Rebellion, 1861-1866, Volume 2, by Ohio Roster Commission (Joseph B. Foraker, Governor, James S. Robinson, Sec'y of State and H. A. Axline, Adjutant-General), 1886     View Entire Book

Regimental History
Third Infantry. (Three Years' Service.) Cols., Isaac H. Marrow, John Beatty, Orris A. Lawson ; Lieut. -Cols., J. Warren Keifer, James H. Wing; Maj., James Vananda. This regiment was organized at Camp Dennison, June 20, 1861, to serve for three years. It first engaged the enemy at Middle creek forks, W. Va., when a scouting party of 50 men of Co. A was sent to reconnoiter the road leading to the Confederate position at Rich mountain. Proceeding cautiously, the little band, upon approaching Middle Fork bridge, discovered that it was occupied by the enemy. A gallant, but unsuccessful effort was made to dislodge the Confederates and in this, the first drawing of blood, the detachment lost 1 killed and 5 wounded. On Aug. 4, the regiment marched to Elkwater creek, where it commenced a series of fortifications extending entirely across the valley, and it took an active part in the subsequent movements of that period. The first encounter of any importance, however, was at Perryville, Ky., and in this ill-starred affair the 3d bore an honorable part, standing its ground and returning volley for volley, until more than one- third of its number had fallen, dead or wounded. While in line, Gen. Rousseau rode up to the regiment and thanked it in the name of the army for its gallant conduct. He said : "You stood in that withering fire like men of iron." The battle of Stone's river ensued, and in that bloody affair the 3d again behaved gallantly. But then came a sad epoch in the history of the regiment. In April, 1863, it was detached from the army proper and sent with other commands on a raid into Northern Georgia. On April 30, while crossing Sand mountain it was overtaken and attacked by a large cavalry force. The 3d alone captured the Confederate battery of 12-pounders, with its caisson and ammunition, and the enemy was completely routed. A few days later, however, the small brigade was compelled to lay down its arms and surrender to General Forrest. The men were paroled, later exchanged, but participated in no more engagements, and were mustered out on June 21, 1864, by reason of expiration of term of service.

Footnotes:
Regimental history taken from "The Union Army" by Federal Publishing Company, 1908 - Volume 2

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