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36th Ohio Regiment Infantry

Online Books
36th Ohio Infantry Soldier Roster - Official Roster of the Soldiers of the State of Ohio in the War of the Rebellion, 1861-1866, Volume 3, by Ohio Roster Commission (Joseph B. Foraker, Governor, James S. Robinson, Sec'y of State and H. A. Axline, Adjutant-General), 1886     View Entire Book

Regimental History
Thirty-sixth Infantry. Cols., George Crook, Melvin Clark, Ebenezer B. Andrews, William G. Jones, Hiram F. DuVal; Lieut.-Cols., William H. G. Adney, William S. Wilson; Majs., Jewette Palmer, Benjamin J. Ricker. This regiment was organized at Marietta, from July 30 to Aug. 31, 1861, to serve for three years. It first saw service in western Virginia and remained there until the spring of 1862. At the battle of Lewisburg in May, 1862, the 36th and 44th, containing in the aggregate not more than 1,200 effective men, repelled the attack of the enemy and in 20 minutes the Confederates were driven back over the summit of the hill, utterly routed, with a loss of 60 killed and left upon the field, 175 prisoners, 4 pieces of artillery, and 300 stands of small arms, besides a very large number of wounded whom they hurriedly carried off the field. The 36th lost 7 killed, 44 wounded and 5 captured on picket. In the second battle of Bull Run the regiment was held in reserve and on the evening of that defeat performed signal service in arresting stragglers and fugitives from the battle, thus preventing thousands from hurrying back to Washington and creating a panic of dismay similar to that after the first battle of Bull Run. At Frederick, Md., in advance of the rest of the army, it had a brisk skirmish with Confederate cavalry, the rear-guard of Lee's army. It was actively engaged in the battle of South mountain, where with the brigade it made a memorable bayonet charge, by which the enemy was so scattered and routed that he never rallied on that part of the field again. It was actively engaged in the battle of Antietam, but the loss here was small, its exposure being chiefly to artillery fire. Being transferred to the western field of operations in the spring of 1863, it participated in the Tullahoma campaign, and took part in the sharp engagement with the enemy at Hoover's gap. The casualty list of the regiment shows a sad loss in the battle of Chickamauga, 70 brave and gallant soldiers yielded up their lives for their country. The regiment participated in the memorable coup de main resulting in the capture of Brown's ferry, and took part in the victory at Missionary ridge, in which it lost 83 men. Early in 1864, the regiment reenlisted, furloughed home, and at the expiration of the 30 days it was sent to its old field of operations in West Virginia. In May a severe engagement occurred at Cloyd's mountain, in which the Confederates were driven from their works and 2 pieces of artillery were captured. It then participated in the ill-fated expedition against Lynchburg and the harassing retreat from that place. In the sharp little fight at Kabletown the regiment lost 3 men killed and 4 wounded, and at Kernstown both regiment and division lost heavily, retreating from the field in disorder. At Halltown the brigade of which the 36th formed a part was on two occasions, and the division at another, sent out to reconnoiter and develop the strength and position of the enemy, which was successfully accomplished each time, many prisoners being captured, but not without heavy loss in killed and wounded. On Sept. 3, the little Army of West Virginia had a severe engagement of 4 hours' duration at Berryville and the 36th distinguished itself as much in this battle, perhaps, as in any other of the war, its loss in killed and wounded being 25. In the battle of the Opequan it occupied the right of the army and lost 33 killed and wounded. At Fisher's hill it lost but 4 men wounded, and at Cedar creek 22 killed and wounded. The regiment was mustered out at Wheeling, W. Va., July 27, 1865.

Footnotes:
Regimental history taken from "The Union Army" by Federal Publishing Company, 1908 - Volume 2

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