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80th New York Infantry

Online Books:
80th New York Infantry Soldier Roster - Annual Report of the Adjutant General of the State of New York For the Year 1893, Volume 29     View the Entire Book

Regimental History
Eightieth New York Infantry. — Cols., Jacob B. Hardenberg, George W. Pratt, Theodore B. Gates; Lieut.-Cols., John McEntee, Theodore B. Gates, Jacob B. Hardenberg; Majs., John R. Leslie, Jacob B. Hardenberg, Walter A. Van Rensselaer. The 80th, the "Ulster Guard," was formed by the reorganization of the 20th militia, one of the oldest militia regiments in the state, upon its return from three months' service. It was mustered into the U. S. service at Kingston, Sept. 20 to Oct. 20, 1861, for a three years' term, and was composed principally of men from Ulster county. The regiment left for Washington Oct. 26, was assigned to Wadsworth's brigade, McDowell's division, and performed picket duty along the Potomac, in the vicinity of Upton's hill, Va., during the first winter. In March, 1862, it was attached to the 1st brigade, 3d division, 1st corps, Army of the Potomac; in May to the 2nd brigade of the same division, Department of the Rappahannock, and in June, to the 3d brigade, 1st division, 3d corps, with which last assignment it fought in Gen. Pope's Virginia campaign. At the second Bull Run the 80th lost 279 in killed, wounded and missing, and Col. Pratt died a few weeks later of the wounds received in that battle. It was active at South mountain and Antietam, encamped at Sharpsburg for one week and marched through Crampton's gap, Leesburg, Warrenton and Stafford Court House to Fredericksburg, where it participated in the battle. Winter quarters were established soon after near Hall's landing and occupied until Jan. 7, 1863, when the 80th was assigned to the provost guard brigade, with headquarters at Brooks' station and remained on duty at army headquarters until after the battle of Chancellorsville. In June, 1863, the regiment was assigned to the 1st brigade, 3d division, 1st corps, and was closely engaged at Gettysburg, where it lost 170 killed, wounded or missing out of 287 engaged. It suffered most severely in the repulse of Pickett's charge on the last day. After the battle of Gettysburg, the 80th was again ordered to headquarters for provost guard duty and continued in this service until the end of the siege of Petersburg, when it shared in the final assault, April 2, 1865. From April 22 to Nov. 27, 1865, it was stationed at Richmond and then ordered to Norfolk, where it remained until mustered out on Jan. 29, 1866. The total enrollment of the regiment was 2,103, of whom 128 died of wounds and 156 from accident, imprisonment or disease. The regiment early became known for its fine fighting qualities and sustained a reputation for courage and steadiness under fire throughout its long term of service, which lasted, including its militia service, from the spring of 1861 to Jan., 1866. The regiment is classed among the "three hundred fighting regiments."

Regimental history taken from "The Union Army" by Federal Publishing Company, 1908 - Volume 2

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