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77th New York Infantry

Online Books:
77th New York Infantry Soldier Roster - Annual Report of the Adjutant General of the State of New York For the Year 1893, Volume 29     View the Entire Book

Regimental History
Seventy-seventh New York Infantry. — Cols., James B. McKean, Winsor B. French, David J. Caw; Lieut. -Cols., Joseph C. Henderson, Samuel McKee, Winsor B. French, Nathan S. Babcock, David J. Caw, Isaac D. Clapp; Majs., Selden Hetzel, Winsor B. French, Nathan S. Babcock, David J. Caw, Isaac D. Clapp, Charles E. Stevens. The 77th, known as the Saratoga regiment, was composed of companies from Westport, Ballston, Saratoga, Wilton, Keeseville and Gloversville, and was mustered into the service of the United States at Saratoga, Nov. 23, 1861, for three years. It left New York Nov. 28, for Washington, was assigned to the 3d brigade of Casey's division; served in the defenses of Washington during the winter; in March, 1862, with the same brigade, became a part of Smith's division, 4th corps, and served on the Peninsula. It was active at Yorktown, Williamsburg, Mechanicsville and in the Seven Days' battles, and in May was assigned to the 3d brigade, 2nd division, 6th corps, with which it served throughout the war. After a short time in camp at Harrison's landing the regiment entered upon the Maryland campaign; was present at Crampton's gap and met its first heavy loss at Antietam, where 32 were killed, wounded or missing. Moving by slow stages the troops reached Fredericksburg in time for the battle but were not assigned to a prominent position. At Chancellorsville the regiment joined in the gallant and successful assault on Marye's heights and lost 83 in killed, wounded and missing. At Gettysburg it was not closely engaged and proceeded from that battlefield to Fairfield, Pa., Antietam, Marsh Run, Funkstown, Williamsport and Chantilly. It shared in the capture of prisoners made by the 6th corps at Rappahannock Station in November, and participated in the Mine Run fiasco. During December and January a large number of the 77th reenlisted and the regiment took the field at the opening of the Wilderness campaign with many new recruits. At the Wilderness 66 were reported killed, wounded or missing, and in the remaining days of that week the loss of 107 was suffered by the regiment in the close fighting at Spottsylvania and other points in the immediate vicinity. The regiment was also active at Cold Harbor, then moved with the 6th corps to Petersburg and served in the trenches until July, when the corps was hurried to Washington and met Gen. Early at Port Stevens, with a loss of 20 men. In the pursuit of Early in the Shenandoah Valley, and the battles of Charlestown, the Opequan, Fisher's hill, Cedar Creek and Winchester, the regiment took a prominent part, returning to Petersburg in December. The original members of the regiment not reenlisted were mustered out on Dec. 13, 1864, the remainder having been consolidated into a battalion of five companies on Nov. 19. In the action at Fort Stedman, the final assault, April 2, 1865, and the Appomattox campaign, the battalion was active and, returning to Washington after Lee's surrender, was mustered out in that city, June 27, 1865. During its term of service the regiment lost 108 by death from wounds and 176 by death from disease and other causes.

Regimental history taken from "The Union Army" by Federal Publishing Company, 1908 - Volume 2

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