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182nd New York
Roster - Annual Report of the Adjutant General of the State of New York For the Year
1893, Volume 42 View the Entire Book
|One Hundred and Eighty-second New York Infantry. Cols., Matthew Murphy,
John Coonan; Lieut. -Cols., Thomas M. Reid, William Butler, John Coonan, Robert Heggart;
Majs., Theodore Kelly, William Butler, Dennis L. Sullivan, Robert Heggart, Michael
McGuire. The 182nd, the 69th National Guard artillery, was one of the famous brigade of
Irish regiments known as the Corcoran Legion, and was organized as the first regiment of
the Corcoran brigade, in New York city late in the summer of 1862. Its nucleus was the old
69th regiment National Guard, just returned from three months' service in the defenses of
Washington. It left the state on Nov. 10, 1862, for Newport News, Va., where its
organization was completed by adding to it the men enlisted for the 6th regiment of the
Corcoran Legion, except those of Co. D, and as thus reorganized was mustered into the U.
S. service on Nov. 17, 1862, for three years. The companies were recruited in New York
city and the regiment was designated the 182nd volunteer infantry by the war department.
On Jan. 29, 1863, with the rest of the brigade, commanded by Col. Murphy, Gen. Corcoran
commanding the division, it started on the Blackwater expedition and participated in its
first fight at the affair of the Deserted House the following day, meeting with a loss of
17 killed, wounded and missing. After a few weeks' service on the Peninsula it went to
Suffolk and was actively engaged in the defense of that place in the spring of 1863. It
was next engaged in the skirmish at Carrsville, and remained on duty in that vicinity
until July, when the Legion (Gen. Corcoran commanding) was ordered to Washington, where it
performed garrison and outpost duty until May, 1864. It was then ordered to join the Army
of the Potomac and was placed in the 2nd division (Gibbon's), 2nd corps, the Legion, under
command of Col. Murphy, arriving just in time to share in the closing battles around
Spottsylvania, where the loss was 30 killed, wounded and missing. It suffered severely at
the North Anna river, where it encountered a severe fire, losing 40 killed, wounded and
missing one of the heaviest casualty lists incurred by any regiment in that fight.
The regiment was actively engaged in the second assault at Cold Harbor, where it again
lost heavily, its casualties amounting to 89 killed, wounded and missing. Capts. Edward K.
Butler and John H. Nugent were both killed in that assault. Crossing the James river, the
182nd took part in various battles around Petersburg, including the first assaults in
June, and at the Weldon railroad. Its casualty list once more tells the story of frightful
sacrifice, aggregating 19 killed, 75 wounded and 10 missing, a total of 104. Maj. Butler
fell mortally wounded during the assault of June 16. From June 26 to the close of the war
the Legion, together with the 8th N. Y. heavy artillery, formed the 2nd brigade of the 2nd
division, 2nd corps. A list of its engagements during this period includes Deep Bottom,
Strawberry Plains, Reams' station, Boydton plank road, Hatcher's run, the assault on the
Petersburg works, March 25, 1865, and in the Appomattox campaign, White Oak ridge, and
Farmville. The regiment sustained a loss of 58 killed, wounded and missing at the battle
of Reams' Station, where Capt. Francis Welpley and 2nd Lieut. Daniel Sweeney were both
killed. Col. Murphy was mortally wounded during the engagement at Hatcher's run, Feb. 5,
1865, and Col. John Coonan succeeded to the command of the regiment. Under him, the 182nd
was mustered out near Washington, D. C, July 15, 1865. It lost by death during service 8
officers and 79 enlisted men killed and mortally wounded; 53 enlisted men died of disease
and other causes; total deaths, 140.
Regimental history taken from "The Union Army" by Federal Publishing
Company, 1908 - Volume 2