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14th New York Artillery Heavy

Online Books:
14th New York Artillery Heavy Soldier Roster - Annual Report of the Adjutant General of the State of New York For the Year 1893, Volume 13     View the Entire Book

Regimental History
Fourteenth New York Artillery (Heavy).— Col., Elisha G. Marshall; Lieut.- Cols., Clarence H. Corning, William H. Reynolds, George M. Randall; Majs., William H. Reynolds, Henry V. Pemberton, Job C. Hedges, George M. Randall, Joseph P. Cleary, William H. Trowbridge, Lorenzo I. Jones, David Jones, Albion Howe. This regiment was organized at Rochester, and was chiefly recruited in the counties of Monroe, Yates, St. Lawrence and Jefferson. Its ranks contained many men who had served in the two years' organizations. Although recruiting commenced in June, 1863, the organization of the regiment was not completed until Jan., 1864, the companies being mustered into the U. S. service between Aug. 29, 1864, and Jan. 17, 1865, at Rochester, for three years. It is numbered among the three hundred fighting regiments of the war by Col. Fox, who says: "It garrisoned the forts in New York harbor until April 23, 1864, when it was ordered to the front and was assigned to the 9th corps, joining it at Warrenton, Va. On May 2, 1864, it started for the Rapidan. The regiment was in line at the Wilderness, but was only partially engaged. It was actively engaged, however, the next week at Spottsylvania (then in Stevenson's division), and two weeks later suffered heavily at Cold Harbor, where it lost 15 killed, 43 wounded and 16 missing. On June 17, 1864, the 14th distinguished itself by its brilliant and successful charge on the works at Petersburg; loss 38 killed, 152 wounded, 60 missing; total, 250. Maj. Job C. Hedges was killed in this charge while bravely leading his battalion. At the mine explosion the regiment was selected to lead the assault at the crater and was the first to plant its colors on the enemy's works, where it captured a Confederate flag. Its casualties in this action were 10 killed, 44 wounded and 78 missing; total, 132. The 14th was on duty in the trenches, losing men daily in the constant and deadly firing which prevailed there. It also occupied Fort Stedman at the time of the Confederate sortie, March 25, 1865, and when surrounded there by the enemy, the men fought their way through the opposing lines until they reached Fort Haskell, where, in company with the remainder of the regiment which was on duty there, they succeeded in holding that important position. At the Weldon railroad the regiment was in White's division and sustained a loss of 6 killed, 40 wounded and 3 missing; total, 49." The regiment took part in the following battles: Wilderness, Spottsylvania, the North Anna, Bethesda Church, Cold Harbor, first assault on Petersburg, mine explosion, Weldon railroad, Peebles' farm, Fort Stedman, and the fall of Petersburg. It was also present at Ny river, Totopotomy, Boydton road, and Hatcher's run. The total enrollment of the regiment was 2,506 officers and men; total of killed and wounded, 861; killed and mortally wounded, 226; died of disease and other causes, 301; died in Confederate prisons, 84. It was one of the nine heavy artillery regiments whose loss in killed exceeded 200; its loss of 15 killed, 43 wounded, and 61 missing, June 1, 1864, at Bethesda Church, was one of the heaviest sustained in that battle. Under command of Col. Marshall, the regiment was mustered out on Aug. 26, 1865, at Washington, D. C. The gallant Col. Marshall was brevetted major-general, from March 13, 1865.

Regimental history taken from "The Union Army" by Federal Publishing Company, 1908 - Volume 2

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