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York Artillery Heavy
10th New York
Artillery Heavy Soldier
Roster - Annual Report of the Adjutant General of the State of New York For the Year
1893, Volume 12 View the Entire Book
|Tenth New York Artillery (Heavy). Col., Alexander Piper;
Lieut.-Cols., Joseph Spratt, G. De Peyster Arden; Majs., Joseph Spratt, James B. Campbell,
Thomas W. Osborne, Charles C. Abell, G. De Peyster Arden, S. R. Cowles. This regiment,
known as the Black River artillery, or the Jefferson county regiment, was organized on
Dec. 31, 1862, of the 1st, 2nd and 4th battalions, Black River artillery, the battalions
having been organized at Sacket's Harbor in September, and the consolidation took place on
Dec. 27. The men were recruited in the counties of Jefferson and Lewis and were mustered
into the U. S. service for three years as follows: Cos. A, B, C, D, E, F, G and M on Sept.
11, at Sacket's Harbor; H and I on Sept. 12; at Staten island; Co. K on Nov. 12, and Co. L
on Dec. 27, at Fort Schuyler. The 2nd and 4th battalions left the state on Sept. 17, 1862,
and were at once assigned to garrison duty in the forts about Washington; the 1st
battalion garrisoned Fort Richmond and Sandy Hook, N. Y. harbor until June, 1863, when it
joined the others at Washington. In the latter part of May, 1864, the regiment was sent to
the front with the other heavy artillery commands to reinforce Gen. Grant and on its
arrival was assigned, first to the 4th brigade, 1st division, and on June 24 to the 1st
brigade, 2nd division, 18th corps. It was in action for the first time at Cold Harbor,
where it lost 9 killed and wounded, and in the assault on Petersburg in June it sustained
a loss of 43 killed and wounded. On Aug. 13, 1864, it was withdrawn from the front and
assigned to the 1st brigade, De Russy's division, 22nd corps; it joined the provisional
division of the Army of the Shenandoah on Sept. 27; was engaged with small loss at Cedar
creek; was assigned in December to the 2nd brigade, Ferrero's division, Army of the James,
at Bermuda Hundred; and was actively engaged in the final assault on Petersburg, April 2,
1865, losing 90 killed, wounded and missing. While in the works before Petersburg, from
June 15 to Aug. 13, 1864, and from Dec, 1864, to April 2, 1865, it sustained losses,
amounting in the aggregate to 11 killed, 76 wounded and 1 missing, a total of 88. Though
known as an artillery regiment, the men were armed and drilled as infantry. Under command
of Lieut.-Col. Arden, the 10th was mustered out at Petersburg on June 23, 1865, except
recruits, which were consolidated into three companies and transferred to the 6th N. Y.
artillery on June 27. The regiment lost during service 47 men killed and mortally wounded;
2 officers and 218 men died of disease, accidents, in prison, etc., a total of 267.
Regimental history taken from "The Union Army" by Federal Publishing
Company, 1908 - Volume 2