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1st New Hampshire Cavalry Battalion

Regimental History
First Cavalry Battalion. — Lieut. -Col., John L. Thompson; Majs., David B. Nelson, John L. Thompson, Stephen R. Swett. Cos. I, K, L and M of the 1st New England volunteer cavalry, were from New Hampshire and were mustered into the U. S. service on Dec. 17, Oct. 24, Dec. 24 and 27, 1861, respectively, for three years' service. Cos. I, L and M were mustered in at Concord and Co. K at Manchester. These companies left the N. E. cavalry to become part of the 1st N. H. cavalry on Jan. 7, 1864. The battalion numbered 435 and lost by death 33 members, of whom 15 were killed in battle. The N. H. battalion joined the two R. I. battalions at Pawtucket, R. I., Jan. 22, 1862, and left there for Washington on March 2 and 31, the name of the regiment being changed to the 1st R. I. cavalry, which was considered an injustice by the men. The N. H. battalion was engaged alone at Front Royal, Va., and received complimentary mention in orders. It was in the battles of Cedar mountain, Groveton, second Bull Run, Chantilly, Mountsville and Fredericksburg. The winter of 1862-63 found the battalion on active duty with almost no rest, and it participated in the cavalry fight at Kelly's ford, March 17, 1863. Stoneman's raid, from April 27 to May 8, required the services of the cavalry and the battles at Brandy Station, Thoroughfare gap, Middleburg, Rapidan Station, White Sulphur springs and Bristoe Station all show how nobly the cavalry performed every duty assigned to it, winning well-earned laurels.

Regimental history taken from "The Union Army" by Federal Publishing Company, 1908 - Volume 1

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