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in the American Civil War
First Minnesota Cavalry. — Col., Samuel McPhaill; Lieut. -Col.,
William Pfaender; Majs., John H. Parker, Solomon S. Buell, Orrin T.
Hayes. This regiment was made up of twelve companies, organized in the
fall of 1862 and was composed largely of men who had lost their wives,
children or relatives in the Sioux massacre the previous August and
September. The first battalion of three companies was sent out as soon
as organized for guard and patrol duty. In the spring of 1863 nine
companies under Col. McPhaill assembled at Camp Pope for the campaign of
the Missouri, the other three companies remaining for patrol duty. The
regiment was in the battle of Big Mound, where the 1st battalion led the
attack. It fought its way up the steep hill, put the Indians to flight
and followed them for 15 miles. The regiment was in the battle of Dead
Buffalo lake, and was at Stony lake, when the Indians attacked in great
force. It reached the Missouri July 29, and returned to Fort
Abercrombie. Col. McPhaill, with several companies of cavalry, was sent
to Fort Ridgely, which place he reached Sept. 1. The 1st battalion was
sent to Fort Ripley and the various companies of the 1st cavalry were
mustered out during the fall and winter of 1863-64.
Regimental history taken from "The Union Army" by Federal Publishing
Company, 1908 - Volume 4