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30th Maine Regiment Infantry
in the Civil War

Regimental History
Thirtieth Infantry. — Cols., Francis Fessenden. Thomas H. Hubbard, Royal E. Whitman; Lieut.-Cols., Thomas H. Hubbard, Royal E. Whitman, George W. Randall; Majs., Royal E. Whitman, George W. Randall, Horace C. Haskell. Like many of the regiments formed in the latter years of the war, the 30th had a large number of experienced soldiers among its officers and men, though it also had some who were attracted by the large bounties offered and some who were old and disabled. The regiment was mustered in at Augusta from Dec. 12, 1863, to Jan. 8, 1864, to serve for three years. On Jan. 8, 1865, it was joined by three companies made up from the enlisted men of the 13th Me., whose term of service had not expired at the date of the muster out of that regiment, and were assigned to this organization on Nov. 18, 1864. The entire regiment was mustered out on Aug. 20, 1865, at Savannah, Ga. On Feb. 7, 1864, the 30th embarked at Portland on the steamer Merrimac for New Orleans, La., arriving there on the 16th. It participated in the Red River campaign as a part of the 3d brigade, 1st division, 19th corps, and took an honorable part in the battles of Sabine cross-roads and Pleasant Hill on April 8 and 9, respectively. It lost in the two engagements 11 killed, 66 wounded and 71 missing, and during the retreat of the Union forces to the Mississippi river, it took the most prominent part in the dislodgment of the enemy at Cane river crossing, which was perhaps the most gallant action of the disastrous campaign. Its loss here was 2 officers and 10 men killed, 2 officers and 67 men wounded, and 7 men missing. Soon after the close of this campaign, the regiment was sent north to Virginia. In August and the early part of September it moved with the Army of the Shenandoah, but did not share in the battles and victories of Gen. Sheridan in September and October, as the brigade was detached from its division until Oct. 26. On Nov. 9, 1864, it took up a position between Kernstown and Newton, and on Dec. 30 went into winter quarters at Stephenson's depot, 4 miles north of Winchester, but a few days later moved to Winchester. After the recruits from the 13th Me. joined the regiment at Winchester it was formed into seven companies and retained its field and staff officers without change. The new companies from the 13th were lettered B, H and K in the new organization. The 30th remained at Winchester until April 10, 1865, when it went to Washington, where it participated in the grand review of the Army of the Potomac on May 23, and on June 2 was transferred to the 2nd brigade, 1st division, 19th corps, which it accompanied to Savannah, Ga., the place of their muster out. On Aug. 24 it arrived in Portland, where the men were finally paid and discharged.

Regimental history taken from "The Union Army" by Federal Publishing Company, 1908 - Volume 1

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