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14th Maine Regiment Infantry
in the Civil War

Regimental History
Fourteenth Infantry. — Cols., Frank S. Nickerson, Thomas W. Porter, Albion K. Bolan ; Lieut.-Cols., Elias Milliken, Thomas W. Porter, Charles S. Bickmore, Albion K. Bolan, John K. Laing; Majs., Thomas W. Porter, Charles S. Bickmore, Albion K. Bolan, John K. Laing, Joseph M. Wiswell. This regiment, like all those raised in 1861 at the expense of the general government, was recruited from the state at large. It was organized at Augusta, from Dec. 3 to Dec. 17, 1861, to serve for three years, and left the state for Boston Feb. 5, 1862. It sailed at once from there for Ship island, Miss., where it arrived on March 8, and remained in the South until July 13, 1864, during which time it saw an unusual amount of trying and dangerous service. Its first serious engagement was at Baton Rouge, Aug. 5, 1862, where it lost in killed, wounded and missing 126 men. Other engagements in which they participated were at St. Charles Court House, Civiques ferry, and the assaults on the fortifications of Port Hudson, May 27, and June 14, 1863. During the campaign from May 7 to Aug. 5 of this year, the regiment was without tents of any kind, and their only camp equipage was their camp-kettles. Both officers and men were forced to sleep in the open air, and they suffered much from chills and fever. In Jan., 1864, all but 40 of the available men of the regiment reenlisted for an additional term of three years, and on Feb. 10 they left New Orleans for Maine on a furlough of 30 days. They rejoined the regiment at New Orleans May 19, 1864. On the arrival of the 14th at Bermuda Hundred, Va., July 22, 1864, it was at once assigned to Gen. Butler's command. Joining Gen. Sheridan's forces at Berryville, Va., on the 18th, it took an important part in the battle of Winchester on Sept. 19, losing 60 killed, wounded and prisoners, or about one-third of the number engaged. Subsequently it participated in the assault and capture of Fisher's hill and joined in the pursuit of Gen. Early to Harrisonburg. At the battle of Cedar creek it again suffered severe losses. Of the 200 men in the 14th who entered this fight, 80 were either killed, wounded or captured, Lieut.-Col. Bickmore being among the killed. Shortly after this battle the regiment moved to a position near Kernstown, where it remained until the expiration of its term of service, Dec. 23, 1864. The original members who had not reenlisted were mustered out at Augusta, Me., on Jan. 13, 1865. The reenlisted men and recruits whose term of service had not expired, were organized into a battalion of four companies, A, B, C and D. The 13th, 14th, 17th, 20th, 22nd and 23d companies unassigned infantry, organized in Augusta in April, 1865, to serve one year, were assigned to this battalion as Companies E, F, G, H, I and K, thereby reorganizing the battalion into a full regiment. The new regiment was variously stationed at Savannah, Augusta and Darien, Ga., engaged in guard and patrol duty, until Aug. 28, 1865, when the entire regiment was mustered out. On Sept. 1 it embarked for Maine, and the men were finally paid and discharged at Augusta on Sept. 28.

Regimental history taken from "The Union Army" by Federal Publishing Company, 1908 - Volume 1

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