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13th Maine Regiment Infantry
in the Civil War

Regimental History
Thirteenth Infantry. — Cols., Neal Dow, Henry Rust, Jr.; Lieut.- Cols., Henry Rust, Jr., Frank S. Hasseltine; Majs., Frank S. Hasseltine, Abernethy Grover. The 13th regiment was raised at large, and rendezvoused at Augusta. It was mustered into service for three years on Dec. 13, 1861, and left Feb. 18, 1862, for Boston, where it embarked on board transports for Ship island, Miss., arriving there in March. During its long stay on Ship island, it suffered severely in health, though it excelled in drill and discipline. Detachments of the regiment were sent into the defenses of New Orleans, July 5, 1862, and the entire regiment was ordered there on Sept. 1. The 13th remained in the South until July 1, 1864, when it was ordered north and arrived at Fortress Monroe on the 12th. While in the South it participated in the capture of Point Isabel, Tex., Mustang island, and of Fort Esperanza, commanding Pass Caballo, the entrance to Matagorda bay. In April, 1864, it formed part of the Red River expedition under Gen. Banks, and was in the battle of Pleasant Hill, La. Soon after its arrival in the North, it went to Harper's Ferry. On Aug. 3, 1864, the reenlisted men proceeded to Maine on furlough, and rejoined the regiment at Harper's Ferry on Oct. 1. As communication with the front was impossible at this time, Gen. Stephenson on the 5th ordered the regiment to Martinsburg, W. Va., to strengthen the defenses of that place, as it was the base of supplies for Sheridan's whole army. Here the regiment remained engaged in picket and patrol duty until the expiration of their original term of service. The original members who had not reenlisted arrived in Augusta, Dec. 30, 1864, and were mustered out at that place on Jan. 6, 1865. Two hundred and fifty-two reenlisted men and 82 recruits, whose term of service had not expired, were transferred to and consolidated with the 30th regiment of infantry, Maine volunteers.

Regimental history taken from "The Union Army" by Federal Publishing Company, 1908 - Volume 1

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