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77th Illinois Infantry
in the American Civil War
77th Illinois Infantry Soldier Roster - Report of the Adjutant
General of the State of Illinois, Volume 4, Revised by Brigadier General J.N.
Reece, Adjutant General, 1900
|Seventy-seventh Infantry. — Cols., Charles Ballance,
David P. Grier ; Lieut.-Cols., Lysander R. Webb, John A. Burdett; Majs.,
Memoir V. Hotchkiss, John A. Burdett. This regiment was fully organized
and mustered into the U. S. service at Peoria Sept. 3, 1862. It remained
in camp at that place until Oct. 4, at which time it proceeded to
Covington, Ky., and reported to Maj.-Gen. Gordon Granger, commanding the
Army of Kentucky, who assigned it to duty in the division commanded by
Gen. A. J. Smith. Its first actual engagement was in December, when it
participated in the attack on the Confederate works at Chickasaw bluffs.
It was also in the assault on Arkansas Post in Jan., 1863, its loss
being 6 killed and 39 wounded, some of the latter mortally. It crossed
the Mississippi river below Grand Gulf on the last day of April, marched
all night, arriving at Port Gibson early on the morning of May 1, and
participated in the engagement there during the entire day. The regiment
remained with Gen. Grant's army in the campaign around Vicksburg and the
siege of the latter place until its surrender. It was engaged in the
actions at Champion's hill, Black River bridge and the first charge on
Vicksburg, losing in these engagements 20 killed, 86 wounded and 26
missing. It was under fire at Jackson until July 16, when the place was
evacuated, and the regiment then returned to Vicksburg. It was sent to
Louisiana in the early part of 1864, marched from Alexandria up the Red
river to Sabine cross-roads, where it met the enemy in force and was
immediately engaged. In this action the regiment suffered terribly, 176
officers and men being killed, wounded or made prisoners, leaving only
about 125 men in the regiment for duty. The regiment assisted in the
reduction of Forts Gaines and Morgan and then returned to Morganza bend
on the Mississippi. It was with Gen. Canby's army and under fire during
the entire siege and capture of Spanish Fort, Fort Blakely and Mobile.
It remained in camp at Mobile until July 10, 1865, at which time it was
mustered out of service.
Regimental history taken from "The Union Army" by Federal Publishing
Company, 1908 - Volume 3