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42nd Illinois Infantry
in the American Civil War

Online Books:
42nd Illinois Infantry Soldier Roster - Report of the Adjutant General of the State of Illinois, Volume 3, Revised by Brigadier General J.N. Reece, Adjutant General, 1900       View Entire Book

Regimental History
Forty-second Illinois Infantry. Cols., William A. Webb, George W. Roberts, Nathan H. Walworth; Lieut.-Cols., David Stuart, Charles Northrop, Nathan H. Walworth, John A. Hottenstein, Edgar D. Swain; Majs., George W. Roberts, Nathan H. Walworth, John A. Hottenstein, James Leighton, David W. Norton, Frederick A. Atwater, Henry K. Walcott. This regiment was organized at Chicago, July 22, 1861, and moved to St. Louis on Sept. 21. It moved to Island No. 10 in March, 1862, and was engaged until its surrender in April, 50 men of Co. A spiking 6 guns of the enemy on the night of April 1. On the night of April 4 a detachment of 20 men of Co. H on the gunboat "Carondelet," ran the blockade at Island No. 10. The regiment participated in the siege of Corinth, was engaged in the battle of Farmington, losing 2 killed, 12 wounded and 3 missing, and at Columbia, Tenn., in September it lost 1 man killed. In December it engaged in the Murfreesboro campaign and was engaged in the battle of Stone's river, with a loss of 22 killed, 116 wounded and 85 prisoners. It was also engaged in the battle of Chickamauga, losing 28 killed, 128 wounded and 28 prisoners, and then retreated to Chattanooga. It was in the battle of Missionary ridge, losing 5 killed and 40 wounded, being on the skirmish line during the whole engagement. On Jan. 1, 1864, the regiment reenlisted as a veteran organization and on the 21st moved by rail to Chicago for the usual 30-day furlough. Returning to the field, it was engaged at Rocky Face ridge, Resaca, Adairsville, New Hope Church, Pine mountain, Kennesaw mountain, Peachtree creek, Atlanta, Jonesboro, and Lovejoy's Station, encamping at Atlanta on Sept. 8. Its total loss during the campaign was 20 killed, 89 wounded and 7 prisoners. On Nov. 22 it commenced the retreat for Nashville, engaging with the enemy at Spring Hill and Franklin, and losing 24 killed, 95 wounded and 30 prisoners. It was also engaged in the battle of Nashville, losing 2 killed and 11 wounded. In the following spring it was transferred to the trans-Mississippi department and remained on duty there until Dec. 16, 1865, when it was mustered out at Indianola, Tex. 4

Regimental history taken from "The Union Army" by Federal Publishing Company, 1908 - Volume 3

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