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38th Illinois Infantry
in the American Civil War

Online Books:
38th Illinois Infantry Soldier Roster - Report of the Adjutant General of the State of Illinois, Volume 3, Revised by Brigadier General J.N. Reece, Adjutant General, 1900       View Entire Book

Regimental History
Thirty-eighth Illinois Infantry. Cols., William P. Carlin, Daniel H. Gilmer; Lieut. -Cols., Mortimore O'Kean, Daniel H. Gilmer, William F. Chapman, Edward Colyer; Majs., Daniel H. Gilmer, Henry N. Alden, Andrew M. Pollard. This regiment was organized at Camp Butler in Sept., 1861, and on Sept. 20 was ordered to Pilot Knob, Mo., receiving its arms en route. In October it marched to Fredericktown and was engaged in the battle at that place with the enemy under Jeff. Thompson. It was before Corinth during the last days of the siege in the 2nd brigade, 4th division, left wing of the Army of the Mississippi. In October it was engaged in the battle of Perryville, capturing an ammunition train, 2 caissons and about 100 prisoners. In November it went on a scout to Harpeth shoals, destroyed a large quantity of salt, captured a Confederate wagon train and 100 horses and mules. It advanced from Nashville in December, and with the brigade charged a battery at Knob gap, near Nolensville, capturing 2 guns, with a regimental loss of 3 killed and 8 wounded. It was engaged in the battle of Stone's river, and lost 34 killed, 109 wounded and 34 missing. It was also engaged at Liberty gap, in which action it charged across a plowed field under heavy fire and drove the enemy from his works, capturing the flag of the 2nd Ark. On June 26 it skirmished with the enemy all day, losing 3 killed and 19 wounded. It entered the battle of Chickamauga, near Gordon's mills, formed a line on the double-quick under fire, and was hotly engaged until dark. On the second day of the battle it was moved to the left, went into position at 10 a. m., and was heavily engaged. Of 301 men of the regiment who entered the fight 180 were killed, wounded or missing. On the night of Feb. 17, 1864, it moved out with a detachment of the 4th Mich. cavalry and at daylight surprised and captured a Confederate outpost a few miles from Dalton, Ga., returning to camp in the afternoon. On Feb. 29, the regiment reenlisted, was mustered March 16 and started for Illinois on a veteran furlough of 30 days. Returning to the front, it was first engaged with the enemy at the battle of Pine mountain, and was also engaged at Kennesaw mountain. It participated in the action at Smyrna, was in the outer lines before Atlanta, and was prominently engaged in the battle of Jonesboro. The loss of the regiment in the Atlanta campaign was 4 killed, 36 wounded and 3 missing. On Nov. 25 and 26 it threw up works and skirmished with the enemy at Columbia, Tenn., and was also engaged in the battle of Nashville, being in the charge on Montgomery hill and among the first to enter the enemy's works. On Dec. 31, 1865, the regiment was stationed at Victoria, Tex., and upon that date it was mustered out and ordered to Springfield, Ill., for final payment and discharge.

Regimental history taken from "The Union Army" by Federal Publishing Company, 1908 - Volume 3

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