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34th Illinois Infantry
in the American Civil War

Online Books:
34th Illinois Infantry Soldier Roster - Report of the Adjutant General of the State of Illinois, Volume 2, Revised by Brigadier General J.N. Reece, Adjutant General, 1900       View Entire Book

Regimental History
Thirty-fourth Illinois Infantry. Cols., Edward N. Kirk, Alexander P. Dysart, Peter Ege ; Lieut. -Cols., Amos Bosworth, Hiram W. Bristol, Oscar Van Tassell, Peter Ege, Peter F. Walker; Majs., Charles N. Levenway, Hiram W. Bristol, Alexander P. Dysart, John M. Miller, Peter Ege, Peter F. Walker, James H. Hindman. This regiment was organized at Camp Butler, Sept. 7, 1861, by Col. E. N. Kirk. It moved on Oct. 2, to Lexington, Ky., thence to Louisville, and then to Camp Nevin, where it remained until Feb. 14, 1862. It arrived at Pittsburg landing on April 7 and was hotly engaged in the battle of Shiloh, losing 1 officer and 15 men killed, and 112 wounded. From thence it moved to Corinth, where it was engaged, losing 1 man killed and 5 wounded. In October it was engaged in a skirmish at Clayville, Ky., and in November had a skirmish at Lavergne, Tenn. In December the right wing of the 14th army corps moved toward Triune, the 34th in advance, encountered the enemy commanding the approaches to the place and drove him until noon, when he formed in the town. During the first day of the battle of Stone's river the enemy attacked the regiment in overwhelming force, driving it back on the main line and then following the advantage gained by his infantry, the cavalry charged the line and captured many of the regiment, the latter losing 21 killed, 93 wounded and 66 missing. In June it lost 3 killed and 26 wounded at the battle of Liberty gap. Operating in eastern Tennessee during the following November it met the enemy near Graysville, retreating from Missionary ridge, and was engaged about half an hour. In December it was mustered as a veteran organization and in Jan., 1864, started for Springfield, Ill., for veteran furlough. Returning to the field, it took a prominent part in May in the engagement at Rocky Face ridge, in which the regiment had 1 man killed and 10 men wounded. It charged the enemy at Resaca, crossing an open field in the face of a furious fire of canister from a battery at close range, drove the enemy from the hill and held the position until night, losing 50 men in killed and wounded. In the engagement at Rome, Ga., it had 8 men wounded. After skirmishing almost every day it arrived at Big Shanty, charged the enemy, who was behind barricades of railroad ties, captured the works and took more prisoners than the regiment had men in line, and this with a loss of but 1 killed and 7 wounded. It led the brigade in the charge on Kennesaw mountain, but after reaching the top of the Confederate works overwhelming numbers compelled it to fall back, leaving some of its dead on the enemy's ground. In this battle the regiment had 5 killed and 40 wounded. It pursued the enemy to Atlanta and took a prominent part in the siege of that place, being engaged almost every day in skirmishes of greater or lesser note, and having men killed or wounded almost daily. It led the brigade and division in the charge on the enemy's works at Jonesboro, being the first to enter the Confederate fort, taking artillery that had been captured from the Army of the Tennessee, together with a number of prisoners. The regiment had about 60 killed and wounded. It went with Sherman to the sea and on the campaign through the Carolinas, in a light engagement at Averasboro, N. C., it lost 3 men killed and 5 wounded. It took part in the battle of Bentonville, in which the regiment was attacked from both front and rear, but stubbornly held its ground and repulsed the enemy, losing 8 killed and 22 wounded. After the surrender of Johnston it went with Sherman's army to Washington and took part in the grand review, after which it was sent to Louisville, Ky., where it was mustered out on July 12, and was discharged and paid at Chicago, Ill., July 17, 1865.

Regimental history taken from "The Union Army" by Federal Publishing Company, 1908 - Volume 3

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