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10th Illinois Cavalry
in the American Civil War

Regimental History
Tenth Cavalry. Cols., James A. Barrett, Dudley Wickersham, James Stuart; Lieut.-Cols., Dudley Wickersham, James Stuart, Samuel N. Hitt; Majs., Joseph S. Smith, Marshall L. Stephenson, Elvis P. Shaw, Samuel N. Hitt, George Snelling, Joseph S. McCartney, David H. Wilson. This regiment was organized at Camp Butler in the latter part of Sept., 1861, and was mustered into the U. S. service on Nov. 25, for three years. In the latter part of Jan., 1862, it moved to Quincy, where it was occupied in drill and learning the duties of soldiers until March 13, when it moved to Benton barracks. Early in July a detachment was at Cane Hill, Ark., where it engaged a very superior force, killing 1 and taking many prisoners. In October Lieut. -Col. James Stuart, with 105 men, attacked a camp of 300 Confederates near Marshfield, Mo., killing 4, wounding many and capturing a captain with 26 men, totally dispersing the remainder, with a loss of 1 killed and 1 wounded. In November about 70 men of Cos. C and M were attacked by a force of about 1,200, at Clark's mills, Mo., and after a fight of several hours acceded to a demand for surrender, the officers and men being immediately paroled. The 3d battalion of the regiment remained at Fayetteville and was occupied in scouting the country, detachments making several expeditions south of the Boston mountains, defeating the enemy in skirmishes at Van Buren, Frog bayou and other places. The 1st battalion was assigned to the 3d brigade, 1st division, participated in the engagement at Cotton Plant, Ark., in July, and arrived at Helena on July 12. This battalion participated in two lengthy expeditions, the capture of Arkansas Post, the Yazoo Pass expedition to Fort Pemberton, besides smaller scouts, and was in the engagement at Richmond, La., in June, 1862, where it lost 2 killed and 1 lieutenant with 21 men prisoners. The companies of the battalion were separated much of the time as escorts to various generals. The regiment participated in the engagement at Bayou Meto, being on the right of the line of battle, and lost 1 lieutenant and 1 private killed. In Sept., 1863, it took an active and honorable part in the engagement at Bayou Fourche and the capture of Little Rock, Ark.; was with the column that pursued the enemy and returned to Little Rock. The regiment having reenlisted, it was sent home for furlough, arriving at Camp Butler Feb. 28, 1864. The non-veterans of the regiment accompanied the expedition under Gen. Steele, to cooperate with Gen. Banks' Red River campaign, and actively participated in its various engagements. On July 14, at Bayou Des Arc, near Searcy, Ark., 225 men were surrounded and attacked by about 1,200 Confederates, but they cut their way out with a loss of 2 killed and 20 prisoners, a number of the latter being wounded. Successful skirmishes were had by detachments at Cypress bayou, Austin, Cotton Plant, Springfield, West Point and other places. On Jan. 27, 1865, the veterans and recruits of the regiment were consolidated into nine companies, those of the 15th Ill. cavalry into three companies, and all were reorganized into the 10th Ill. veteran volunteer cavalry.

Regimental history taken from "The Union Army" by Federal Publishing Company, 1908 - Volume 3

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