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in the American Civil War
|FOURTH ALABAMA (Infantry). This regiment was organized at Dalton,
Georgia, May 2, 1861, and proceeded at once to Virginia. Mustered into service for twelve
months at Lynchburg, May 7, it proceeded to Harper's Ferry. It soon after fell back to
Winchester, where it became part of Gen. B. E. Bee's brigade of which the 2d and
11th Mississippi, 1st Tennessee, and 6th North Carolina were the other regiments. Moved to
Manassas Junction, the regiment took a prominent part in that conflict, losing 38 killed
and 208 wounded out of a total of about 750 engaged. Gen. Bee, killed at Manassas, was
succeeded by Gen. W. H. C. Whiting. The Fourth wintered at Dumfries, re-enlisted for three
years in January 1862, re-organized in April, and about that time moved over to the
vicinity of Norfolk. It was engaged both days at Seven Pines, losing 8 killed and 19
wounded. A fortnight later, the brigade was sent to the Valley, but came back with
Jackson's corps a few days after. It was hotly engaged at Cold Harbor, losing 22 killed
and 108 wounded, out of 500 present ; and lost slightly at Malvern Hill. Moving northward
with the army, the Fourth participated at the second Manassas, losing 20 killed, and 43
wounded. At Boonsboro the loss was slight, and at Sharpsburg 8 were killed, and 36
wounded. After this campaign Gen. Law was assigned to the permanent command of the
brigade, which was shortly after organized with the Fourth, Fifteenth, Forty-fourth,
Forty-seventh, and Forty-eighth Alabama regiments as its complement. The Fourth was
engaged at Fredericksburg, losing 5 killed, and 17 wounded. It lost slightly in the
brilliant fight at Suffolk, and soon after took up the line of march for Maryland. It
passed into Pennsylvania, and was engaged in the assault at Gettysburg, with a loss of 15
killed, and 72 wounded and missing. In the fall the Fourth moved with Longstreet's corps,
and took part at Chicamauga, with a loss of 14 killed, and 54 wounded out of about 300
engaged. It moved with the corps into east Tennessee, and in the attack on Knoxville lost
5 killed, and 24 wounded. Rejoining the army in Virginia, the Fourth was hotly engaged,
and lost 15 killed, and 58 wounded at the battle of the Wilderness out of about 250
engaged, and 4 killed and 11 wounded at Spottsylvania. It took part in all the operations
to the second Cold Harbor, where its loss was slight. Then, for nearly ten months, it lay
behind the defences of Petersburg, taking part in the various movements and assaults, and
losing 10 killed, and 30 wounded during the time. It surrendered 202 men at Appomattox,
Gen. Perry of Macon having been in command of the brigade for nearly a year. Of 1422 men
on its rolls, about 240 perished in battle, nearly 100 died ot disease, and 408 were
discharged or transferred.
FIELD AND STAFF. Colonels. Egbert J. Jones of Madison
; killed at the first Manassas. Evander M. Law of Macon ; promoted. Pinckney D. Bowles of
Conecuh. Lieutenant Colonels. E. M. Law; promoted. Thomas J. Goldsby of Dallas ;
wounded at Cold Harbor ; resigned. Owen K. McLemore of Chambers ; killed at Boonsboro. P.
D. Bowles; promoted. L. Houston Scruggs of Madison; wounded at Chicamauga. Majors.
Charles L. Scott of Wilcox ; wounded at Manassas ; resigned. P. D. Bowles ; promoted. L.
H. Scruggs ; promoted. Thomas K. Coleman of Perry; killed at Chicamauga. W. M. Bobbins of
Perry ; wounded at Wilderness. Adjutant. Kobert T. Coles of Madison; wounded at
CAPTAINS, AND COUNTIES FROM WHICH COMPANIES CAME. Dallas. Thomas J. Goldsby;
promoted. R. V. Kidd; killed at Chicamauga. J. M. West ; wounded at Hanover Junction.
Macon. T. B. Dryer; till re-organized. E. J. Glass; resigned. Bayless E. Brown ;
killed at Wilderness. Dallas. N. H. B. Dawson ; till re-organized. Alfred C. Price;
killed at Cold Harbor. M. D. Sterrett; wounded at Malvern Hill ; retired. F. C. Bobbins ;
wounded at Cold Harbor ; wounded and captured at Knoxville. Perry and Marengo.
Richard Clarke ; till re-organized. Thomas K. Coleman ; promoted. James T. Jones ; wounded
at Wilderness. Conecuh. P. D. Bowles ; promoted. William Lee ; killed at Malvern
Hill. J. W. Darby ; wounded at Wilderness. Madison. G. B. Mastin ; killed at Seven
Pines. W. W. Leftwich ; killed at Gettysburg. James H. Brown ; wounded at Wilderness.
Perry. Porter King ; till re-organized. Wrn. M. Bobbins ; promoted. H. H. Moseley;
wounded and captured at Knoxville. Lauderdale. Robert McFarland ; till
re-organized. H. Armistead ; killed at the first Cold Harbor. W. F. Karsner.
Madison. Edward D. Tracy; transferred and promoted. L. Houston Scruggs ; wounded at
Malvern Hill, and Sharpsburg ; promoted. Walter Harris ; died in the service. Jackson.
E. B. Linsey; killed at first Manassas. J. D. Oglvie ; died in the service. James
H. Young ; till re-organized. W. H. Robinson ; wounded at Cold Harbor ; retired. James
Sullivan ; killed at Sharpsburg. James Keith; killed at Fredericksburg. A. Murray; killed
at Petersburg. .... McIver.
Regimental history taken from "Alabama: Her History, Resources, War Record
and Public Men. From 1540 to 1872." by W. Brewer, 1872
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