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Civil War Soldiers - Wright

WRIGHT, A. R., Georgia.
Colonel, Third Regiment Georgia Infantry, May 8, 1861.
Colonel, Thirty-eighth Georgia Regiment Infantry, October 15, 1861.
Resigned April 23, 1862.
Brigadier general, P. A. C. S., June 3, 1862.
Major general, P. A. C. S., November 26, 1864.

Brigade composed of the Third, Twenty-second, Forty-sixth and Forty-eighth Regiments, Georgia Infantry, and Second Georgia Battalion, Anderson's Division, A. P. Hill's Corps, Army of Northern Virginia. Division composed of the brigades of Mercer and John K. Jackson.

Source: Military Records of General Officers of the Confederate States of America, by Charles B. Hall, 1898

Wright, George, brigadier-general, U.S. Army, was born Oct. 21, 1803, at Norwich, Vt., in the picturesque valley of the Connecticut river. There he received his early education at Partridge's military school, which fitted him for West Point, where he was graduated on July 1, 1822, and assigned to the 3d infantry, in which he served on frontier duty and was its accomplished adjutant for five years. Upon the creation of the 8th infantry he was transferred to it with advanced rank in consideration of his soldierly qualifications. The success of the army in Florida, following the failure of the Armistead campaign of 1840, was in no small degree due to Wright, whose efficiency won for him the esteem and confidence of the army and the brevet of major from the government for his "zeal, energy, and perseverence." He accompanied Scott's army in the invasion of Mexico, was engaged in every conflict from the siege of Vera Cruz to the assault of Molino del Rey, where he intrepidly led the stormers and was severely wounded. For his "gallant and meritorious services" in this war he received the brevets of lieutenant-colonel and colonel. Upon the creation of new regiments in 1855 he was placed at the head of the 9th infantry, and the following year, upon the breaking out of Indian hostilities in Oregon and Washington territories, was ordered with his regiment to Fort Vancouver. There, in command of the northwestern district, he so severely punished the hostile tribes that to this day Wright's name is a terror in their habitation. At the breaking out of the Civil war, Col. Wright was appointed a brigadier-general of volunteers and assigned to the important command of the Department of the Pacific, and it was the sleepless vigilance, unflagging energy, wise prudence, and uncompromising yet unpretending patriotism of Gen. Wright and his coadjutors which saved this vast region from the horrors of civil war. In 1865 Gen. Wright was ordered to the command of the newly created Department of Columbia, and while proceeding to his headquarters was drowned, July 30, in the wreck of the steamer Brother Jonathan off the coast of southern Oregon.

Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908

Wright, Horatio G., major-general, U.S. Army, was born at Clinton, Conn., March 6, 1820. He entered the U. S. military academy at West Point, in which he was graduated second in the class of 1841 and was appointed to the engineer corps. In 1842 he was made assistant professor of French at West Point and later appointed professor of engineering. In 1848 he was made first lieutenant and placed in charge of the construction of forts and improvements in Florida. After this service he was promoted captain in 1855 and served as assistant chief engineer at Washington until the outbreak of the Civil war. He superintended the construction of the defenses at Washington and was chief engineer of Heintzelman's division at the battle of Bull Run, also serving in the same capacity in the Port Royal expedition, which he organized, and in recognition of his services was appointed a major of the engineer corps in Aug., 1861. He was promoted brigadier-general of volunteers Sept. 14, 1861, was at the capture of Hilton Head, S. C., commanded the land forces in the Florida campaign of 1862, and was commissioned major-general of volunteers July 18 of that year. In 1863 he was for a time in command of the Department of the Ohio, and he held the same position in the District of Louisville, Ky., until April, 1863, when he was given charge of a division of the Army of the Potomac in the Pennsylvania and Rapidan campaigns. For meritorious and gallant services and the capture of Rappahannock Station while in temporary command of the 6th corps, he was promoted to lieutenant-colonel and succeeded to the command of that corps upon the death of Gen. Sedgwick, May 9, 1864. He was promoted colonel for gallant conduct at Spottsylvania. He was ordered to the defense of Washington when it was thought Gen. Early was about to attack the Federal capital; hastily collected his troops and, in connection with a few regiments of the 19th corps, lately arrived, he succeeded in forcing the withdrawal of Early. On March 13, 1865, he received the brevet of brigadier-general, U. S. A., for gallant and meritorious services at Cold Harbor, and for his conduct at Petersburg he was brevetted major-general, U. S. A. On Nov. 23, 1865, he was appointed lieutenant-colonel and acted on different engineering boards, being promoted colonel March 4, 1879, and on June 30 of the same year was made chief of engineers with the rank of brigadier-general. Gen. Wright was retired from active service March 22, 1884, and died July 2, 1899.

Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908

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