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Civil War Soldiers - Wood
|Wood, Thomas J., major-general, U.S.
Army, was born at Munfordville, Ky., Sept. 25, 1823. He was graduated
at the U. S. military academy in 1845 and was assigned to the
topographical engineers, but requested a transfer to the 2nd dragoons,
and on Dec. 2, 1846, was made a second lieutenant. He served in the
Mexican war, was subsequently aide-de- camp to Gen. Harney in
Louisiana and Texas, and was adjutant of the 2nd dragoons until 1854.
He was appointed first lieutenant in 1854 and captain in the 1st
cavalry in 1855. He served in Kansas during the border troubles of
1856 and accompanied the Utah expedition under Albert Sidney Johnston
in 1857. On March 16, 1861, he was promoted major, on May 9
lieutenant-colonel, in October brigadier- general of volunteers, and
as such commanded a division in the Tennessee and Mississippi
campaigns, being actively engaged in the battle of Shiloh and in the
siege of Corinth. Later in the year he served under Gen. Buell in
Kentucky: aided in the pursuit of the Confederate forces under Gen.
Bragg; was promoted colonel of the 2nd cavalry on Nov. 12 and was one
of a number of officers who were wounded in the battle of Stone's
river. He commanded a division of the 21st corps, Army of the
Cumberland, till Nov., 1863, and was engaged in the battles of
Chickamauga and Missionary ridge. He also took part in the operations
for the relief of Knoxville and in the invasion of Georgia, and
received a severe wound in the engagement at Lovejoy's Station in
Sept., 1864. He commanded the 4th corps during the battles of Franklin
and Nashville and took part in pursuing the Confederate forces to the
Tennessee river. In Jan., 1865, he was promoted major-general of
volunteers and had command in Tennessee, Arkansas and Mississippi
until Sept. 1, 1866, when he was mustered out of the volunteer
service. He was brevetted first lieutenant, U. S. A., for gallant and
meritorious conduct at the battle of Buena Vista, brigadier- general
for bravery at Chickamauga, and major-general for distinguished
service at Nashville. Gen. Wood was retired from the service with the
rank of major-general, June 9, 1868 (changed to brigadier- general by
act of March 3, 1875). He died at Dayton, Ohio, on Feb. 6, 1906.
Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal
States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908