Primary Source Material
on the Soldiers and the Battles
Home The Armies The Soldiers The Battles Civilians Articles
If this website has been useful to you, please consider making a Donation.

Your support will help keep this website free for everyone, and will allow us to do more research. Thank you for your support!

Civil War Soldiers - Willcox

Willcox, Orlando B., brigadier-general, U.S. Army, was born in Detroit, Mich., April 16, 1823. After receiving a common-school education he entered West Point academy in 1843, graduated in 1847 and was commissioned second lieutenant in the 4th artillery. He took part in the closing operations of the Mexican war, served on the frontier and after participating in the last campaign against the Seminoles resigned from the army Sept. 10, 1857. When the Civil war opened he was engaged in the practice of law in Detroit, but at once offered his services to the governor of his native state and on May 1, 1861, was appointed colonel of the 1st Mich. infantry. He aided in the capture of Alexandria, Va. ; took part in the first battle of Bull Run, where he was wounded and taken prisoner; was confined at Charleston and Columbia, S. C., until Aug. 17, 1862, when he was exchanged and promoted to be brigadier-general of volunteers, his commission dating from July 21, 1861. He took part in the operations of the Army of the Potomac in the autumn of 1862, and in the spring and early summer of 1863 commanded the District of Central Kentucky. During the draft riots he was in command of the District of Indiana and Michigan and then served in eastern Tennessee until March, 1864. He was promoted major-general of volunteers by brevet Aug. 1, 1864; led a division of the 9th corps in the Richmond campaign, rendering notable services at Spottsylvania; was the first to enter Petersburg, and from April 26, 1865, until peace was declared, served in North Carolina. He was brevetted brigadier- and major-general in the regular army for his services during the war; was mustered out of the volunteer service Jan. 15, 1866, and on July 28, 1866, was appointed colonel of the 29th infantry. On March 15, 1869, he was transferred to the 12th infantry, was on recruiting service in New York city for two years and then until 1887 was stationed in the South and West. As commander of the Department of Arizona he effectively suppressed the raids of the Apache Indians, and for his services in this connection received a vote of thanks from the Arizona legislature. On Oct. 13, 1886, he was promoted brigadier-general and on April 16, 1887, was placed on the retired list on account of age.

Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908

Whats New
About Us

Copyright 2013 by
A Division of