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Civil War Soldiers - Whipple

Whipple, Amiel W., major-general, U.S. Army, was born in the state of Massachusetts in 1817, was a cadet at the U. S. military academy at West Point from July 1, 1837, to July 1, 1841, when he was graduated and entered the army as second lieutenant in the 1st artillery. He was transferred to the topographical engineers Sept. 28, 1841; served as assistant topographical engineer on the hydrographic survey of Patapsco river, Md.; on military reconnoissance of the approaches to New Orleans, La., 1841-42; on the trigonometrical and hydrographic survey of Portsmouth harbor, N. H., 1842-44; was assistant astronomer upon the northeastern boundary survey between the United States and the British provinces, 1844-49, and upon the Mexican boundary survey, 1849-53. On April 24, 1851, he was commissioned first lieutenant of topographical engineers, and was engineer in charge of the explorations and surveys of a railroad route near the 35th parallel, from the Mississippi river to the Pacific ocean, 1853-56. On July 1, 1855, he was commissioned captain of topographical engineers for fourteen years' continuous service, was engineer in charge of the ship channel over St. Clair flat, 1856-61, and of the ship channel through Lake George and Neebish Rapids on St. Mary's river, Mich. He served during the Civil war, first as chief topographical engineer of the defenses at Washington, D. C., south of the Potomac, from June 1, to July 15, 1861, and in the Army of the Potomac in the Mannassas campaign, being engaged in the battle of Bull Run. On July 21, 1861, he was brevetted lieutenant-colonel for gallant and meritorious services in the Manassas compaign; was commissioned major of topographical engineers Sept. 9: was chief topographical engineer of Gen. McDowell's division in the defenses of Washington until March 13, 1862, and then of the 1st army corps until April 2. On April 14, 1862, he was commissioned brigadier-general of volunteers and was in command of a brigade in the defenses of Washington, south of the Potomac until Sept. 8, then of a division until Oct. 10, and was then in the Rappahannock campaign in command of the 3d division, 3d corps, Army of the Potomac, until May 4, 1863, being engaged in the battles of Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville, in the latter of which he was mortally wounded. On Dec. 13, 1862, he was brevetted colonel, U. S. A., for gallant and meritorious services in the battle of Fredericksburg; brigadier-general, U. S. A., May 4, 1863, for gallant and meritorious services at the battle of Chancellorsville; was given the commission of major-general of volunteers, May 6, 1863, and the next day was given the brevet rank of major-general, U. S. A., for gallant and meritorious services during the rebellion. Gen. Whipple died of his wounds at Washington, D. C., on May 7, 1863.

Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908

Whipple, William D., brigadier-general, U.S. Army, was born in Nelson, Madison county, N. Y., Aug 2, 1826. He was graduated at the U. S. military academy in 1851, and on Sept. 9 of that year became second lieutenant in the 3d infantry. He took part in the Gila expedition against the Apaches in 1857, the Navajo expedition of 1858, and the defense of Fort Defiance, N. M., in 1860. He was promoted first lieutenant in Dec, 1856, and when the Civil war broke out was on quartermaster's duty at Indianola, Tex. After Gen. Twiggs' ignoble surrender to Gen. Ben McCulloch in Feb., 1861, and the consequent cession of all U. S. military posts, Whipple managed to make his escape through the enemy's lines, reached Washington shortly afterward, was commissioned captain and assistant adjutant-general, and was present at the battle of Bull Run. He served at the headquarters of the Departments of Pennsylvania and Virginia until June, 1862, when he became lieutenant-colonel and additional aide-de-camp, serving in the Middle Department with the 8th corps, and was chief-of-staff to Gen. Cadwallader. He was appointed brigadier-general of volunteers July 17, 1863, assigned as chief-of-staff to Gen. George H. Thomas, and took part in the operations near Chattanooga, the battles of Missionary ridge, Resaca, Kennesaw mountain, siege of Atlanta, and Nashville. Subsequently he was at the headquarters of the Department of the Cumberland. He received the brevets of brigadier- and major-general in the regular army March 13, 1865, for gallant conduct in the Atlanta campaign and the battles before Nashville, afterward served as assistant adjutant-general at the headquarters of various military divisions, and in 1873-81 acted as aide-de-camp to the general of the army. He was promoted colonel in the adjutant-general's department Feb. 28, 1887. Gen. Whipple was retired from the service Aug. 2, 1890, and died April 1, 1902.

Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908

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