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Civil War Soldiers - Watkins

Watkins, Louis D., brigadier-general, U.S. Army, was born in the state of Florida, but in early like took up his residence in the District of Columbia, where he was living at the time of the outbreak of the Civil war. On April 15, 1861, he enlisted as a private in Co. A., 3d battalion, D. C. infantry; was commissioned first lieutenant in the 14th U. S. infantry May 14; was transferred to the 2nd cavalry June 22, and to the 5th cavalry Aug. 3. He engaged with that regiment in McClellan's Peninsular campaign and was severely wounded at the battle of Gaines' mill. He was commissioned captain on July 17, 1862, was on mustering and disbursing duty at Cincinnati, Ohio, and aide-de-camp on the staff of Gen. A. J. Smith during the invasion of Kentucky by the Confederates. He was then appointed chief of cavalry in the Army of Kentucky and engaged in Gen. Carter's raid to East Tennessee in Dec, 1862. On Feb. 1, 1863, he was commissioned colonel of the 6th Ky. cavalry, then stationed at Nashville, and on the staff of Gen. Granger engaged in skirmishes against the Confederates in Tennessee, commanding a brigade in the defeat of the Confederate Gen. Wharton. He commanded the 3d brigade, 1st division, Army of the Cumberland, until Sept., 1863, and was engaged in guarding the railroad in the Atlanta campaign, defeating the Confederates in the battle of Lafayette, Ga. He was engaged in holding Resaca against the Confederate Gen. Hood, and with the Army of the Tennessee participated in the pursuit of Hood's army, commanding the 1st cavalry division. Later he commanded the post of Louisville, Ky. He was commissioned brigadier-general of volunteers June 24, 1864; was brevetted major, U. S. A., for gallant and meritorious conduct in the defence of Resaca, Ga.; lieutenant-colonel, U. S. A., for gallant and meritorious services at the battles of Lafayette and Thompson's station; and colonel and brigadier-general, U. S. A., for gallant and meritorious services in the expedition to East Tennessee under Gen. Carter. He was commissioned lieutenant-colonel of the 20th U. S. infantry in July, 1866, was stationed at the posts of Baton Rouge and New Orleans, La., and died at the latter place March 29, 1868.

Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908

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