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Civil War Soldiers - Washburn
|Washburn, Cadwallader C.,
major-general, U.S. Army, was born at Livermore, Androscoggin county,
Me., April 22, 1818. He was brought up on a farm, went west in 1839,
took part in the survey of Iowa, conducted that of Rock Island county,
Ill., and in 1842 was admitted to the bar and settled at Mineral
Point, Wis. There, with his partner, C. Woodman, he founded a bank in
1852, and dealt largely in real estate. He was in Congress as a Whig
and a Republican from 1855-61. In 1859 he removed to La Crosse, later
to Madison, Wis., and went into the war as colonel of the 2nd Wis.
cavalry. He was employed at first in Arkansas and rendered such good
service at Grand Coteau, La., and elsewhere that he was promoted to
brigadier-general of volunteers in July, and major-general in Nov.,
1862. He bore a part in the operations about Vicksburg, commanded the
13th corps in the Department of the Gulf and a portion of it in Texas,
where he took Fort Esperanza on Matagorda bay. From April, 1864, he
had command of the District of West Tennessee at Memphis. He was again
in Congress, 1867-71, and governor of Wisconsin, 1872-73. Defeated in
his candidacy for a third term and for the U. S. senate, he turned to
the care of his extensive lumber interests at La Crosse, built a flour
mill at Minneapolis, invested largely in railroads, and was considered
one of the leading business men of the northwest. He was a regent of
the state university, president of the Wisconsin historical society,
founder by gift or bequest of the Washburn observatory at Madison, of
an orphans' home at Minneapolis, and of a library at La Crosse. He
received the degree of LL. D. from the University of Wisconsin in
1873, and died at Eureka Springs, Ark., May 14, 1882.
Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal
States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908