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Civil War Soldiers - Tyler

Tyler, Daniel, brigadier-general, U.S. Army, was born at Brooklyn, Conn., Feb. 22, 1799. Graduating from West Point in 1819, he served as a lieutenant of artillery, was adjutant of the school of practice at Fortress Monroe, and while commanding the arsenal at Pikesville, Md., translated "Maneuvers of Artillery" from the French. In 1828 he was sent abroad to observe the French improvements in artillery, which he did at Metz and elsewhere, making an extensive collection of lithographs and drawings on the subject. In 1830 he was sent to the Springfield armory to report upon the manufacture of small arms, and became a member of the board that met to reorganize the national armories. In 1832 he was superintendent of the inspectors of arms furnished by contractors. Resigning in 1834, he became president of an iron and coal company, introduced improvements in furnaces and rolling-mills, and was one of the first Americans to produce pig-iron. He was successively president of the Norwich & Worcester railroad, of the Morris canal company, and of the Macon & Western railroad in Georgia until 1848. For the next twelve years he was engaged in constructing several railroads in Pennsylvania. He became colonel of the 1st Conn. infantry in April, 1861, brigadier-general of volunteers in March, 1862, and served in the Army of the Mississippi at the siege of Corinth, was one of the commission to investigate Buell's Kentucky campaign, and afterward was in command at Harper's Ferry, in Baltimore and in Delaware. He withdrew from the army in April, 1864, traveled for some years, and lived for a time at Red Bank, N. J. Resuming active business pursuits at an advanced age, he founded Anniston, Ala., in 1872, built iron-mills, was interested in cotton, was president of the Mobile & Montgomery railroad, and invested largely in Texas lands. Gen. Tyler died in New York Nov. 30, 1882.

Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908

Tyler, Erastus B., brigadier-general, U.S. Army, was born in the state of New York, but early in life removed to Ohio, in which state he was residing at the time of the outbreak of the Civil war. On April 25, 1861, he was commissioned colonel of the 7th Ohio infantry, which was organized to serve three years. The privilege of sharing in the opening campaign in western Virginia was allotted to this regiment and on June 29 it started for that field. Col. Tyler, at the head of this regiment, was first under fire at Cross-lanes, where the several companies, acting independently of each other, took position on neighboring hills and, though pressed against by overwhelming numbers, tenaciously held their positions until at last they were forced to retreat, leaving the field and the dead and wounded in possession of the enemy. In the following March the spring campaign opened, and Col. Tyler and his men participated in the first battle of Winchester, where they performed an important part and added to their reputation for efficiency. On May 14, 1862, Col. Tyler was commissioned brigadier-general of volunteers and on March 13, 1865, was brevetted major-general of volunteers for gallant and meritorious service during the war. He was honorably mustered out Aug. 24, 1865, and returned to the pursuits of private life, which he followed until the time of his death. Gen. Tyler died Jan. 9, 1891.

Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908

Tyler, Robert O., brigadier-general, U.S. Army, was born in Greene county, N. Y., Dec. 22, 1831. He was taken to Hartford, Conn., in 1839 and was graduated at West Point in 1853. As a lieutenant of artillery he was sent to the Pacific coast in 1854; took part in the Yakima and Spokane expeditions and in several battles with the Indians; saw the bombardment of Fort Sumter; opened a way for the troops through Baltimore; was made captain and depot quartermaster at Alexandria; and on Aug. 29, 1861, was commissioned colonel of the 4th Conn. volunteers, which became an artillery regiment in Jan., 1862, after he had reorganized it. In the Peninsular campaign he served at Yorktown, Hanover Court House, Gaines' mill and Malvern hill. He was commissioned brigadier-general of volunteers on Nov. 29, 1862; had command of the artillery of Sumner's division at Fredericksburg; of the artillery reserve, Army of the Potomac, at Chancellorsville and Gettysburg, and in the subsequent operations until Jan., 1864, when he was assigned a division of the 22nd corps, covering Washington and the lines of communication. In May he went through the battle of the Wilderness with a division of the 2nd corps, his men acting as infantry, and at Spottsylvania repelled an attack of Ewell on the right, earning thereby the thanks of Gen. Meade. At Cold Harbor he received a wound which incapacitated him for further active duty and left its effects on his system for life. For gallantry in these battles and abundant good service he received a sword from his old neighbors at Hartford, Conn., the thanks of his adopted state, and all the brevets from major to major-general in the regular army, besides that of major-general of volunteers. He had command of several departments from Dec, 1864, to June, 1866, became lieutenant-colonel and deputy quartermaster general in July 1866, and served in that capacity at Charleston, Louisville, San Francisco, New York and Boston, until his death at Boston Dec. 1, 1874.

Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908

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