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Civil War Soldiers - Turner

Turner, John W., brigadier-general, U.S. Army, was born in the state of New York, but as a child was taken to Illinois by his parents. He was a cadet at the United States military academy from July 1, 1851, to July 1, 1855, when he was graduated and promoted in the army to brevet second lieutenant of artillery. He was commissioned second lieutenant in the 1st artillery Nov. 18, 1855; served on frontier duty at Fort Dalles, Ore., 1855-56; participated in the Florida hostilities against the Seminole Indians in 1857-58; was in garrison at Fort Adams, R. I., 1858-59; on frontier duty at Fort Leavenworth, Kan., 1859-60; and in garrison at the artillery school of practice at Fortress Monroe, Va., 1860-61. He served during the Civil war, as first lieutenant in the 1st artillery from April 21, 1861, to Feb. 20, 1862, being commissioned captain of staff and commissariat of subsistence Aug. 3, 1861, and was in command of a breaching battery in the reduction of Fort Pulaski, Ga., in April, 1862. He was appointed colonel of staff and additional aide-de-camp May 3, 1862; served as chief of commissariat of the Department of the Gulf from May 22 to Dec. 23, 1862; as chief of staff in the Department of the South from June 13, 1863, to May 4, 1864; was engaged in command of the artillery during the siege of Fort Wagner and in the operations against Fort Sumter from July to November. He was brevetted major Sept. 6, 1863, for gallant and meritorious services at the siege of Fort Wagner, and brigadier-general of volunteers on the following day. He was in command of a division of the 10th corps, Army of the James, in the Richmond campaign, being engaged in the operations before Bermuda Hundred, including the action near Drewry's bluff, and was in the siege of Petersburg. He was brevetted lieutenant-colonel July 30, 1864, for gallant and meritorious services in the action at the explosion of the Petersburg mine, and on Oct. 1, 1864, was brevetted major-general of volunteers for gallant and meritorious services in the campaign of 1864 on several occasions before the enemy. He was chief of staff, Departments of North Carolina and Virginia and of the Army of the James, from Nov. 20, 1864, to Jan. 12, 1865, and of the Department of Virginia from Jan. 12 to March 20. On March 13, 1865, he was given the brevet of colonel for gallant and meritorious services at the capture of Fort Gregg; brigadier-general, U. S. A., for faithful and meritorious services during the rebellion; and major-general, U. S. A., for gallant and meritorious services in the field during the rebellion. He was in command of an independent division of the 24th army corps from March 20 to Aug. 5, participated in the capture of Petersburg and the pursuit of the Confederate army, terminating in the capitulation at Appomattox Court House; was in command of the 24th army corps from Aug. 5 to Aug. 10; of the District of Henrico, Va., from June 9, 1865, to April 6, 1866; the Department of Virginia from April 7 to May 17, and was mustered out of the volunteer service on Sept. 1, 1866. He served as purchasing and depot commissary at St. Louis, Mo., from Oct. 31, 1866, to Feb., 1871, and resigned from the regular army service on Sept. 4, 1871. He then located in St. Louis and filled several responsible positions. Gen. Turner died on April 8, 1899.

Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908

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