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Civil War Soldiers - Turchin

Turchin, John B., brigadier-general, U.S. Army, was born in Russia, but in early life migrated to America and at the time of the outbreak of the Civil war was living in the state of Illinois. On June 17, 1861, he was commissioned colonel of the 19th Ill. infantry, and having been a colonel of staff in the Russian Guards he paid particular attention at the start to the drill and discipline of his regiment, utilizing the first two weeks in camp to the utmost to make the regiment as efficient as possible for the service before it. He pursued his endeavors in that respect every time the regiment was not on the march, and finally succeeded in making the 19th Ill. infantry one of the best drilled regiments in the western armies. On the evening of July 13 he arrived at Quincy with his regiment, and on the 14th received orders from Gen. Hurlbut to relieve the 21st Ill. infantry, on the Hannibal & St. Joseph railroad from Quincy to Palmyra, and between the latter place and Hannibal, Mo. During their two weeks' stay in that locality the men of his command, besides guarding several important bridges on the railroad, made several expeditions to different points in the neighborhood, chased newly organized Confederate companies out of various plantations, destroyed their barracks and provisions, obliged the citizens to give pledges not to support any more such companies, encouraged formations of home-guard companies at Palmyra and Newark, suppressed the secessionists and encouraged the Unionists. So well did Col. Turchin perform the work assigned him that, on July 17, 1862, he was commissioned brigadier-general of volunteers, in which capacity he served until Oct. 4, 1864, when he resigned from the army and resumed the peaceful pursuits of civil life. Gen. Turchin died June 19, 1901.

Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908

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