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Civil War Soldiers - Taylor

Taylor, George W., brigadier-general, U.S. Army, was a native of Clinton, Hunterdon county, N. J., and was born in 1808. At the age of nineteen he entered the navy as a midshipman, but after a three years' cruise settled in New Jersey as a farmer. In the Mexican war he served first as lieutenant and afterward as captain in the 10th U. S. infantry. After the close of that war he resided for three years in California and then returned to his native state, where he engaged in mining and manufacturing. At the commencement of the Civil war he was commissioned colonel of the 3d N. J. infantry, which, under Brig.-Gen. Runyon, formed a part of the reserve at Bull Run. When the three months' men were mustered out of the service he reorganized his regiment, returned to the army and was attached to the Army of the Potomac when it went to the Peninsula. After the battle of West Point Gen. Kearny was made a division commander. Col. Taylor was placed in charge of the 1st brigade of N. J. volunteers, and on May 9, 1862, received his commission as brigadier-general of volunteers. In the hard fighting that followed before Richmond he performed his part manfully, and when the army returned to the Potomac he was prompt and ready with his brigade in the sharp battles southwest of Washington. He died in Alexandria, Va., Sept. 1, 1862, of wounds received at the second battle of Bull Run.

Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908

Taylor, Joseph P., brigadier-general, U.S. Army, was born in the state of Kentucky, and from that state entered the regular army service at the time of the war of 1812. He became third lieutenant in the 28th U. S. infantry in May, 1813, second lieutenant in the same regiment in August, first lieutenant in July, 1814, and was honorably discharged from the service June 15, 1815. He was reinstated in the service as a second lieutenant of U. S. artillery in May, 1816, with brevet of first lieutenant from July 15, 1814, promoted to first lieutenant on Nov. 24, 1817, transferred to the 3d artillery on June 1, 1821, and was promoted to captain in the same on July 6, 1825. He was transferred to the 2nd artillery March 18, 1829, and remained with that regiment until July 7, 1838, acting as commissary of subsistence with the rank of captain, and was promoted to major July 7, 1838. He became lieutenant-colonel and assistant commissary-general of subsistence in the U. S. army Nov. 30, 1841, and was brevetted colonel for meritorious conduct, particularly in the performance of his duties in the prosecution of the war with Mexico. He was commissioned colonel and commissary-general of subsistence on Sept. 29, 1861, and was promoted to brigadier-general and commissary-general of subsistence, U. S. A., on Feb. 9, 1863. Gen. Taylor served in this capacity until his death, which occurred at Washington, D. C., on June 29, 1864.

Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908

Taylor, Nelson, brigadier-general, U.S. Army, was born in South Norwalk, Conn., June 8, 1821. He received a common-school education and removed to New York city, where, on Aug. 1, 1846, he joined the army as a captain in the 1st N. Y. infantry (known as Col. Stevenson's regiment), which was ordered to California just before the Mexican war. He served through the war and at its close settled in Stockton, Cal. In 1849 he was elected a state senator; in 1855, sheriff of San Joaquin county; and in 1850-56 was president of the board of trustees of the state insane asylum. He returned to New York city, where he began studying law in 1857, and was graduated at the Harvard law school in 1860. In 1861 he was commissioned colonel of the 72nd N. Y. infantry, which was attached to Gen. Sickles' brigade during the Peninsular campaign, and in Gen. Pope's Virginia campaign he commanded the brigade. He was promoted brigadier-general of volunteers on Sept. 7, 1862, but resigned on Jan. 19, 1863, returned to New York city and engaged in law practice. In 1864 he was elected to Congress as a Democrat and during his term, which expired March 3, 1867, he served on the committees on freedmen and invalid pensions. About 1880 he returned to his birthplace, where he practiced law, was city attorney for several years and held other municipal offices. Gen. Taylor died at South Norwalk, Conn., on Jan. 16, 1894.

Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908

Colonel, Ninth Louisiana Infantry.
Brigadier general, P. A. C. S., October 21, 1861.
Major general, P. A. C. S., July 28, 1862.
Lieutenant general, P. A. C. S., April 8, 1864.
Died in New York city, April 12, 1879.

Brigade composed of the Sixth, Seventh, Eighth and Ninth Regiments Louisiana Infantry, Wheat's Louisiana Battalion, and a Virginia battery of light artillery, Army of Northern Virginia. Commanding District of West Louisiana, called also District of Louisiana, August 20, 1862, to June 10, 1864. Commanding Department of Alabama, Mississippi and East Louisiana, September 23, 1864, to January 23, 1865.

Source: Military Records of General Officers of the Confederate States of America, by Charles B. Hall, 1898

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