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Civil War Soldiers - Stuart
|Stuart, David, brigadier-general, U.S.
Army, was born in the state of New York, but early in life removed to
Illinois, in which state he was residing at the beginning of the Civil
war. He assisted in organizing the 42nd Ill. infantry and was mustered
into the service as its lieutenant-colonel on July 22, 1861. With this
regiment he moved to St. Louis on Sept. 21, but he severed his
connection with it on Oct. 31, 1861, to become colonel of the 55th
Ill. infantry. This regiment was organized at Camp Douglas, Chicago
and was one of two regiments raised by Col. Stuart under an act of
Congress and called the "Douglas Brigade." Col. Stuart left Camp
Douglas with the 55th for Alton, Nov. 9, 1861, and thence by steamboat
for St. Louis, arriving at Benton barracks on Nov. 11. He received his
baptism of fire at Shiloh, his regiment with one other holding an
important position for over two hours on the first day of the battle,
and after being nearly surrounded it retreated from point to point and
took its position with its organization still complete in the last
line formed in the evening near the landing. Col. Stuart led his
regiment in the battle the next day, acting on the right, and during
this terrible two-days' conflict, the first in its history, his
regiment lost the heaviest of any Federal regiment in that engagement,
with one exception. It was in the advance on Corinth and on Nov. 29,
1862, Col. Stuart was advanced to the rank of brigadier-general of
volunteers. He served in this capacity until March 11, 1863, when his
appointment was negatived by the U. S. senate and he retired from the
military service. Gen. Stuart died Sept. 11, 1868.
Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal
States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908
|STUART, J. E. B., Virginia.
Captain, Corps of Cavalry, C. S. A., March 16, 1861.
Colonel, First Virginia Cavalry.
Brigadier general, P. A. C. S., September 24, 1861.
Major general, P. A. C. S., July 25, 1862.
Died of wounds, May 12, 1864, received at Yellow Tavern, Va., May 10.
Chief of cavalry, Army of Northern Virginia, January 31, 1864.
Division composed of the brigades of Hampton, Fitzhugh Lee and W. H.
F. Lee, commanding Second Corps, Army of Northern Virginia (General A.
P. Hill's), at battle of Chancellorsville.
Stuart, James Ewell Brown, born in Virginia, appointed from
Virginia cadet United States Military Academy, July 1, 1850; graduated
thirteenth in a class of forty-six.
Brevet second lieutenant, Mounted Rifles, July 1, 1854.
Second lieutenant, October 31, 1854.
Second lieutenant, First Cavalry, March 3, 1855.
First lieutenant, December 20, 1855.
Regimental quartermaster, July 5, 1855, to May 31, 1857.
Captain, April 22, 1861.
Resigned May 14, 1861.
Source: Military Records of General Officers of the Confederate
States of America, by Charles B. Hall, 1898