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Civil War Soldiers - Stuart

Stuart, David, brigadier-general, U.S. Army, was born in the state of New York, but early in life removed to Illinois, in which state he was residing at the beginning of the Civil war. He assisted in organizing the 42nd Ill. infantry and was mustered into the service as its lieutenant-colonel on July 22, 1861. With this regiment he moved to St. Louis on Sept. 21, but he severed his connection with it on Oct. 31, 1861, to become colonel of the 55th Ill. infantry. This regiment was organized at Camp Douglas, Chicago and was one of two regiments raised by Col. Stuart under an act of Congress and called the "Douglas Brigade." Col. Stuart left Camp Douglas with the 55th for Alton, Nov. 9, 1861, and thence by steamboat for St. Louis, arriving at Benton barracks on Nov. 11. He received his baptism of fire at Shiloh, his regiment with one other holding an important position for over two hours on the first day of the battle, and after being nearly surrounded it retreated from point to point and took its position with its organization still complete in the last line formed in the evening near the landing. Col. Stuart led his regiment in the battle the next day, acting on the right, and during this terrible two-days' conflict, the first in its history, his regiment lost the heaviest of any Federal regiment in that engagement, with one exception. It was in the advance on Corinth and on Nov. 29, 1862, Col. Stuart was advanced to the rank of brigadier-general of volunteers. He served in this capacity until March 11, 1863, when his appointment was negatived by the U. S. senate and he retired from the military service. Gen. Stuart died Sept. 11, 1868.

Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908

STUART, J. E. B., Virginia.
Captain, Corps of Cavalry, C. S. A., March 16, 1861.
Colonel, First Virginia Cavalry.
Brigadier general, P. A. C. S., September 24, 1861.
Major general, P. A. C. S., July 25, 1862.
Died of wounds, May 12, 1864, received at Yellow Tavern, Va., May 10.

Chief of cavalry, Army of Northern Virginia, January 31, 1864. Division composed of the brigades of Hampton, Fitzhugh Lee and W. H. F. Lee, commanding Second Corps, Army of Northern Virginia (General A. P. Hill's), at battle of Chancellorsville.

Stuart, James Ewell Brown, born in Virginia, appointed from Virginia cadet United States Military Academy, July 1, 1850; graduated thirteenth in a class of forty-six.
Brevet second lieutenant, Mounted Rifles, July 1, 1854.
Second lieutenant, October 31, 1854.
Second lieutenant, First Cavalry, March 3, 1855.
First lieutenant, December 20, 1855.
Regimental quartermaster, July 5, 1855, to May 31, 1857.
Captain, April 22, 1861.
Resigned May 14, 1861.

Source: Military Records of General Officers of the Confederate States of America, by Charles B. Hall, 1898

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