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Civil War Soldiers - Stoneman

Stoneman, George, major-general, U.S. Army, was born in Busti, Chautauqua county, N. Y., Aug. 8, 1822. He was graduated at West Point in 1846 and entered the army as brevet second lieutenant in the 1st dragoons. In the regular army he was promoted second lieutenant July 12, 1847, first lieutenant July 25, 1854, captain in the 2nd cavalry March 3, 1855, major in the 1st cavalry May 9, 1861, lieutenant- colonel of the 3d cavalry March 30, 1864, colonel of the 21st infantry July 28, 1866, retired Aug. 16, 1871, appointed colonel of infantry on Feb. 9, 1891, and again retired on the 24th of the same month. In the volunteer army he was commissioned a brigadier-general Aug. 13, 1861, promoted major-general Nov. 29, 1862, and was mustered out of the service Sept. 1, 1866. Durmg his active career he was brevetted colonel, U. S. army, Dec. 13, 1862, for services in the battle of Fredericksburg and brigadier-general and major-general on March 13, 1865, for services in the capture of Charlotte, N. C., and during the war, respectively. Gen. Stoneman's first military service was as quarter-master to the Mormon battalion at Santa Fe in 1847. He accompanied it into Mexico and after the war served on the Pacific coast till 1857, when he was transferred to Texas. In Feb., 1861, while in command of Fort Brown, Tex., he was ordered by Gen. Twiggs, his superior officer, to surrender the fort and all Federal property in his charge to the state secession authorities, but he refused, evacuated the fort and hastened to New York city. In August, after serving in western Virginia, he was appointed chief of cavalry in the Army of the Potomac. He organized that branch of the army, commanded it during the Peninsular campaign of 1862 and brought on the battle of Williamsburg by overtaking the Confederate troops with his cavalry and artillery after they had evacuated Yorktown. After the second battle of Bull Run he was assigned to command Gen. Kearny's division and on Nov. 15, 1862, was appointed commander of the 3d army corps, with which he distinguished himself at Fredericksburg. In April and May, 1863, he commanded a cavalry corps in raids toward Richmond, and then till April, 1864, was in command of the 23d army corps. He was then assigned to command a cavalry corps in the Army of the Ohio. In the Atlanta campaign he undertook to capture Macon and Andersonville and release the prisoners confined in the latter place, but was himself captured at Clinton, Ga., and held a prisoner for three months. In Dec, 1864, he led a raid into southwestern Virginia; in Feb. and March, 1865, commanded the District of East Tennessee; led an expedition to Asheville, N. C., in March and April; and was engaged in the capture of Salisbury and the subsequent operations in North Carolina. After the war he purchased a ranch in Los Angeles county, Cal.; in 1882 was elected railroad commissioner of California as a Democrat; and the following year was elected governor of the state, serving till Jan., 1887. Gen. Stoneman died in Buffalo, N. Y., Sept. 5, 1894.

Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908

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