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Civil War Soldiers - Slough

Slough, John P., brigadier-general, U.S. Army, was a native of Cincinnati, and in the year 1850 was elected to the legislature of Ohio, from which body he was expelled for striking one of the members. He was requested to apologize to the house, and upon his refusal to do so that body expelled him. In 1852 he became the secretary of the Central Democratic committee of Ohio, which office he filled satisfactorily. Soon after this he went to Kansas, and in 1860 to Denver, Col. The next year upon the breaking out of the war he raised a company of volunteers and assumed command of Fort Garland. He finally rose to the rank of colonel of volunteers, and was sent into New Mexico and took command of Fort Union. Here he fought his first battle, causing the retreat of the Texan troops. The battle was fought in direct opposition to the orders of his superior officer, Gen. Canby, but terminated successfully, and his praise was in the mouths of the people far and near. Immediately after this he threw up his commission as colonel and repaired to Washington, where he was appointed and confirmed as brigadier-general of volunteers and assigned to duty at Alexandria. He continued as military governor at that point up to the close of the war, and throughout his career there his record is one of the most favorable. At the close of the war he was appointed chief justice of the territory of New Mexico, but his imperious temper rendered him very unpopular, and a series of resolutions were passed in the legislature advocating his removal from the position. These resolutions so incensed him against the senator who introduced them that a personal encounter resulted, in which Gen. Slough was killed, at Santa Fe, N. M., on Dec. 16, 1867.

Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908

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