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Civil War Soldiers - Sill

Sill, Joshua W., brigadier-general, U.S. Army, was born in Chillicothe, Ohio, Dec. 6, 1831. He was graduated from West Point military academy in 1853, and as second lieutenant was assigned to the ordnance department at Watervliet arsenal; was returned to the academy, Sept. 23, 1854, as assistant professor of geography, history, and ethics, and served in that capacity until Aug. 29, 1857; promoted to first lieutenancy in 1856; was engaged in routine duty at various arsenals and ordnance depots until Jan. 25, 1861, when he resigned from the army to become professor of mathematics and civil engineering in the Brooklyn collegiate and polytechnic institute. On the call for troops, after the firing on Fort Sumter, a few weeks after resigning his position in the regular army, he offered his services to the governor of Ohio and was promptly commissioned assistant adjutant-general of that state. He took part in the battle of Rich mountain, July 11, with the 33d Ohio infantry, and was commissioned colonel of that regiment. His operations were principally in Kentucky, Tennessee, and Alabama. He took command of a brigade Nov. 30, 1861; was appointed brigadier-general of volunteers July 16, 1862; took part in the battle of Perryville, the pursuit of Bragg's army and the Tennessee campaign of the Army of the Cumberland. While endeavoring to rally his men at the battle of Stone's river he was killed, Dec. 31, 1862.

Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908

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