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Civil War Soldiers - Sigel
|Sigel, Franz, major-general, U.S.
Army, was born in Sinsheim, Baden, Germany, Nov. 18, 1824. He received
a military education and took an active and prominent part in the
German revolution of 1848 and 1849. At the close of the revolution he
retreated with the rest of his army to Switzerland and in 1852 came to
the United States, becoming a teacher in a private school in New York
city. In 1857 he removed to St. Louis and taught in a college of that
city. In 1861 he became colonel of the 3d Mo. infantry, aided in the
capture of Camp Jackson, and on July 5 fought and won the battle of
Carthage. He was promoted to the rank of brigadier-general, served
under Fremont in the campaign against Price, and commanded two
divisions at the battle of Pea ridge. Owing to a disagreement with
Halleck he resigned, but was soon made a major-general and took
command of the forces stationed at Harper's Ferry, Va. He succeeded to
the command of Fremont's corps, served under Pope in the Virginia
campaign, and fought gallantly at the second battle of Bull Run. On
Sept. 14, 1862, he was assigned to the 11th army corps, and in 1863 he
commanded a grand division, consisting of the 11th and 12th corps,
under Gen. Burnside. In 1864 he was placed in command of the
Department of West Virginia. He fought an unsuccessful battle with the
forces of Gen. Breckinridge at New Market on May 15, with 3,000
against 5,000 men, and in consequence was relieved of his command by
Gen. Hunter. During Gen. Early's raid in July he defended Maryland
Heights successfully with 4,000 against 15,000 men. In 1866 he settled
in New York city and in 1860 was the Republican candidate for
secretary of state of New York, but was defeated at the polls. In 1871
he was elected register of New York city and county by the Republicans
and Reform Democracy and served the full term. Upon the nomination of
Gen. Hancock for the presidency in 1880, he allied himself with the
Democracy, and from 1885 to 1889 was pension agent of the U. S.
government in New York city, by appointment of President Cleveland. He
died at his residence at Morrisania, N. Y., on Aug. 21, 1902.
Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal
States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908