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Civil War Soldiers - Sigel

Sigel, Franz, major-general, U.S. Army, was born in Sinsheim, Baden, Germany, Nov. 18, 1824. He received a military education and took an active and prominent part in the German revolution of 1848 and 1849. At the close of the revolution he retreated with the rest of his army to Switzerland and in 1852 came to the United States, becoming a teacher in a private school in New York city. In 1857 he removed to St. Louis and taught in a college of that city. In 1861 he became colonel of the 3d Mo. infantry, aided in the capture of Camp Jackson, and on July 5 fought and won the battle of Carthage. He was promoted to the rank of brigadier-general, served under Fremont in the campaign against Price, and commanded two divisions at the battle of Pea ridge. Owing to a disagreement with Halleck he resigned, but was soon made a major-general and took command of the forces stationed at Harper's Ferry, Va. He succeeded to the command of Fremont's corps, served under Pope in the Virginia campaign, and fought gallantly at the second battle of Bull Run. On Sept. 14, 1862, he was assigned to the 11th army corps, and in 1863 he commanded a grand division, consisting of the 11th and 12th corps, under Gen. Burnside. In 1864 he was placed in command of the Department of West Virginia. He fought an unsuccessful battle with the forces of Gen. Breckinridge at New Market on May 15, with 3,000 against 5,000 men, and in consequence was relieved of his command by Gen. Hunter. During Gen. Early's raid in July he defended Maryland Heights successfully with 4,000 against 15,000 men. In 1866 he settled in New York city and in 1860 was the Republican candidate for secretary of state of New York, but was defeated at the polls. In 1871 he was elected register of New York city and county by the Republicans and Reform Democracy and served the full term. Upon the nomination of Gen. Hancock for the presidency in 1880, he allied himself with the Democracy, and from 1885 to 1889 was pension agent of the U. S. government in New York city, by appointment of President Cleveland. He died at his residence at Morrisania, N. Y., on Aug. 21, 1902.

Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908

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