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Civil War Soldiers - Sickles

Sickles, Daniel E., major-general, U.S. Army, was born in the city of New York Oct. 20, 1825, his parents being George G. and Susan (Marsh) Sickles. He was educated in the University of New York, after which he learned the printer's trade and followed that occupation for a few years. He then took up the study of law, was admitted to the bar in 1846, and began the practice of his profession in his native city. He soon became active in politics and held a prominent place in the councils of Tammany Hall. In 1857 he was elected to the legislature and about the same time was commissioned major of the 12th regiment, N.G.S.N.Y. In 1853 he was made attorney for the city, but resigned to become secretary of the legation in London. In 1855 he returned to New York; was elected to the state senate in 1856, and to Congress in 1857. When the Civil war broke out he raised the Excelsior brigade, which in the Peninsular campaign of 1862 was the 2nd brigade, 2nd division, 3d army corps, and distinguished itself at Williamsburg, Fair Oaks and in the Seven Days' battles. Gen. Sickles took a prominent part on the battle of Antietam, soon after which he became commander of a division. In 1863 he was made a major-general and assigned to the command of the 3d corps. At Gettysburg he lost a leg but continued in active service until 1865. In 1865 he was assigned to the command of the military department of the South and the same year went on a confidential mission to South Maerica. In 1866 he was appointed colonel of the 42nd U.S. infantry and assigned to the command of the district composed of the Carolinas. In 1866 he was appointed minister to Holland, but declined. In 1869 he was retired with the full rank of major-general and the same year declined the mission to Mexico, but accepted an appointment to Spain, where he served as U.S. minister until 1873. For several years he was president of the state board of civil service commissioners; was elected sheriff of New York in 1890; served in the lower house of Congress from 1892 to 1894, and was active in the reorganization of the New York, Lake Erie & Western Railroad Company. He still lives in New York, practically retired from the active duties and cares of life, though he still takes a keen interest in all questions of public policy.

Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908

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