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Civil War Soldiers - Shaler

Shaler, Alexander, brigadier-general, U.S. Army, was born in Haddam, Conn., May 19, 1827, and was educated in private schools. When eighteen years old he joined the New York state militia as a private in the 8th regiment, and was subsequently transferred to the noted 7th regiment. He was a close student of tactics and won repeated promotions having served in turn as corporal, sergeant, lieutenant, captain, and major, which last-named rank he reached on Dec. 13, 1860. When the 65th regiment, N. Y. volunteers, was recruited for service in the Civil war in 1861, Maj. Shaler was appointed its lieutenant-colonel in June, and became its colonel in July, 1862, serving with distinction in the Army of the Potomac up to the fall of 1863. He was then given command of the military prison at Johnson's island, Ohio, serving through the winter of 1863-64, when he rejoined the Army of the Potomac, having been commissioned brigadier-general of volunteers on May 26, 1863. He fought in all the battles of the Army of the Potomac up to that of the Wilderness, where he was captured and carried a prisoner of war to Macon, Ga. In Charleston, S. C., he was held during the summer of 1864 a prisoner under the fire of Federal batteries. He was subsequently exchanged and commanded a division in the 7th corps, serving in the Southwest until the close of the war, and was mustered out of service on Aug. 24, 1865, having received the brevet of major-general of volunteers on July 27. On retiring from the army Gen. Shaler continued his interest in military affairs, and was appointed major-general of the 1st division of the National Guard of New York, serving from 1867-86.

Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908

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