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Civil War Soldiers - Shackelford

Shackelford, James M., brigadier-general, U.S. Army, was born in Lincoln county, Ky., on July 7, 1827, and received an academic education in the schools of Springfield in his native state. Having barely arrived at manhood when the Mexican war broke out he enlisted in the United States service and became a lieutenant in Co. I of the 4th Ky. regiment. After the close of that conflict he returned home, began the study of law, was admitted to the Kentucky bar in 1853, and practiced his profession until the outbreak of the Civil war. In the early fall of 1861 he recruited the 25th Ky. infantry, was commissioned colonel of the same on Jan. 1, 1862, and with it was engaged in the fighting at Donelson. He also bore his part in the battle of Shiloh, fighting during the entire first day's battle and had his regiment in the advance on the second day. In the month of April, after the battle of Shiloh, the 25th regiment was consolidated with the 17th, and with this consolidated command Col. Shackelford moved to Corinth and was engaged in severe skirmishing, lasting nearly all the night before the evacuation, and was with the first troops to enter the place. On Sept. 13, 1862, Col. Shackleford became colonel of the 8th Ky. cavalry, with the first battalion of which he attacked Adam Johnson's command at Geiger's lake and dispersed the enemy, but in the fight he was wounded, receiving a shot through the foot. Col. Shackelford was given the full rank of brigadier- general of volunteers on March 17, 1863, and his principal service in that capacity was as leader in the pursuit and capture of Morgan, in July, although he later commanded a cavalry corps consisting of sixteen regiments in the Army of the Ohio. He resigned his commission on Jan. 18, 1864, and returned to peaceful pursuits, making the practice of law his chief occupation. In 1889 he received the appointment as judge of the United States court for the Indian Territory, and he filled that position until 1893, after which he resumed the practice of law at Muscogee, Ind. Ter., becoming attorney for the Choctaw Nation.

Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908

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