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Civil War Soldiers - Shackelford
|Shackelford, James M.,
brigadier-general, U.S. Army, was born in Lincoln county, Ky., on July
7, 1827, and received an academic education in the schools of
Springfield in his native state. Having barely arrived at manhood when
the Mexican war broke out he enlisted in the United States service and
became a lieutenant in Co. I of the 4th Ky. regiment. After the close
of that conflict he returned home, began the study of law, was
admitted to the Kentucky bar in 1853, and practiced his profession
until the outbreak of the Civil war. In the early fall of 1861 he
recruited the 25th Ky. infantry, was commissioned colonel of the same
on Jan. 1, 1862, and with it was engaged in the fighting at Donelson.
He also bore his part in the battle of Shiloh, fighting during the
entire first day's battle and had his regiment in the advance on the
second day. In the month of April, after the battle of Shiloh, the
25th regiment was consolidated with the 17th, and with this
consolidated command Col. Shackelford moved to Corinth and was engaged
in severe skirmishing, lasting nearly all the night before the
evacuation, and was with the first troops to enter the place. On Sept.
13, 1862, Col. Shackleford became colonel of the 8th Ky. cavalry, with
the first battalion of which he attacked Adam Johnson's command at
Geiger's lake and dispersed the enemy, but in the fight he was
wounded, receiving a shot through the foot. Col. Shackelford was given
the full rank of brigadier- general of volunteers on March 17, 1863,
and his principal service in that capacity was as leader in the
pursuit and capture of Morgan, in July, although he later commanded a
cavalry corps consisting of sixteen regiments in the Army of the Ohio.
He resigned his commission on Jan. 18, 1864, and returned to peaceful
pursuits, making the practice of law his chief occupation. In 1889 he
received the appointment as judge of the United States court for the
Indian Territory, and he filled that position until 1893, after which
he resumed the practice of law at Muscogee, Ind. Ter., becoming
attorney for the Choctaw Nation.
Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal
States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908