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Civil War Soldiers - Scammon

Scammon, Eliakim P., brigadier-general, U.S. Army, was born in Whitefield, Lincoln county, Me., Dec. 27, 1816. He was graduated at West Point in 1837, and became second lieutenant in the 4th artillery. For more than a year he was at the academy as assistant professor of mathematics. In 1838 he was commissioned a second lieutenant of engineers, and later in the year he was sent to Florida, where he served in the Seminole war till its close in 1840. After spending a year in mapping the territories west of the Mississippi, he returned to the military academy as assistant professor of history, geography, and ethics. While he was engaged in superintending the survey of New Bedford harbor the Mexican war broke out, and he was ordered to staff duty under Gen. Scott. After the war he was appointed assistant topographical engineer of the survey of the north- western lakes, which occupied him until 1855, and during this assignment he was promoted captain. He retired from the army in 1856, and was a professor in Mount St. Mary's college, Cincinnati, Ohio, in 1856-58, and president of the Cincinnati Polytechnic college in 1859- 61. He was commissioned colonel of the 23d Ohio volunteers in June, 1861, and served as commandant of Camp Chase, where volunteers were drilled before going to the front; in the western Virginia campaign, where he commanded a brigade under Gens. Rosecrans and Cox; and in the Maryland campaign, in which he distinguished himself by leading a brilliant bayonet charge in the battle of South mountain. He was promoted brigadier-general of volunteers for gallantry on the field, Oct. 15, 1862; commanded the District of Kanawha from Nov., 1862, to Feb. 3, 1864; and was a prisoner of war in Libby prison from Feb. 3 till Aug. 3. He was then placed in command of a separate brigade at Morris island during the operations against Charleston, S. C. ; was again taken prisoner; commanded the District of Florida from Nov., 1864, till April, 1865; and was mustered out of the service on Aug. 24, 1865. In 1866-70 he was United States consul at Prince Edward island; in 1870-75 was engaged in engineer work in New York harbor; and in 1875-85 was professor of mathematics and history in Seton Hall college, South Orange, N. J. Gen. Scammon died in New York harbor, Dec. 7, 1894.

Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908

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