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Civil War Soldiers - Sanborn
|Sanborn, John B., brigadier-general,
U.S. Army, was born at Epsom, N. H., on Dec. 5, 1826. His early
education was acquired at the village school, and he fitted for
college with a view to devoting himself to the profession of law. He
entered Dartmouth, was graduated, and then pursued a law course, being
admitted to the bar in July, 1854. He at once removed to Minnesota,
settling in St. Paul in December of that year. He founded a law
practice, and interested himself in the politics of his state, being
elected in 1858 to the position of adjutant-general of the state. At
the outbreak of the Civil war Gen. Sanborn was serving as
quartermaster-general, and the duty of raising and equipping the
volunteer soldiers to fill the quota for Minnesota fell upon him.
Early in 1862 he accepted a commission as colonel of the 4th Minn.
volunteers, and with the regiment went to the front. His first
engagement was at the battle of Iuka on Sept. 19, when he commanded
the 1st brigade of Gen. Hamilton's left wing of the army under
Rosecrans. In the official report Gen. Sanborn was highly commended,
and he was promoted to be a brigadier-general of volunteers, but the
U. S. senate failed to confirm the commission. He participated in the
battles of Grant which led to the fall of Vicksburg, and upon the
surrender, July 4, 1863, he was selected to lead the advance guard
into the city, and afterward to superintend the paroling and
disbanding of the 31,600 Confederate soldiers captured. This honor was
conferred by reason of his gallant conduct during the Vicksburg
campaign, and especially for bravery and skill displayed at the
capture of Jackson, Miss., on May 14. In November Gen. Sanborn assumed
command of the district of southwest Missouri, where he opposed Gen.
Price, and either at the head of a brigade or division of cavalry he
fought in the battles of Jefferson City, Boonville, Independence, Big
Blue, Osage, and Newtonia. After the Civil war ended he conducted a
campaign against the Indians, in the summer and fall of 1865, and
restored quiet on the border by treaties with hostile tribes. He was
brevetted major-general of volunteers on Feb. 10, 1865, and was
honorably mustered out of the service on April 30, 1866.
Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal
States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908