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Civil War Soldiers - Robinson

Robinson, James S., brigadier-general, U.S. Army, was born near Mansfield, Ohio, Oct. 14, 1827. He learned the printer's trade, and from 1847 to 1865 edited the "Weekly Republican" at Canton, Ohio. He was secretary of the first Republican convention held in Ohio, in 1856, and was clerk in the house of representatives of the Ohio legislature, 1856-58. Enlisting as a private in the 4th Ohio volunteers at the beginning of the Civil war, he was soon afterward appointed captain, served under McClellan at Rich mountain, July 11, 1861, and on re-enlisting after his first three months' service became major of the 82nd Ohio infantry on Dec. 31, being subsequently promoted lieutenant-colonel, April 9, 1862, and colonel on Aug. 29 of that year. He served with Fremont in the Shenandoah valley, and was afterwards engaged at the second Bull Run, where he commanded his regiment after Col. Cantwell was wounded, and also at Cedar mountain and Chancellorsville, and he was severely wounded at Gettysburg. After recovering from his wound he commanded a brigade in Sherman's Atlanta campaign, and on the march to the sea. He was promoted brigadier-general of volunteers, Jan. 12, 1865, was brevetted brigadier-general of volunteers, Dec. 9, 1864, and major-general March 13, 1865, for faithful and meritorious services during the war. Gen. Robinson was mustered out, Aug. 31, 1865, engaged in railroad building in Ohio after the war, was chairman of the Republican state executive committee, 1877-79, and state commissioner of railroads and telegraphs in 1880. He was Republican representative from the 9th Ohio district in Congress from 1881 to 1885, and was from 1885 to 1889 secretary of state of Ohio. He died in Toledo, Ohio, Jan. 14, 1892.

Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908

Robinson, John C., brigadier-general, U.S. Army, was born in Binghamton, N. Y., April 10, 1817. He entered West Point academy in 1835, and resigned in 1838 to commence the study of law, but in 1839 was appointed by the president second lieutenant of infantry. During the Mexican war he served as brigade quartermaster and took part in the battles of Palo Alto, Resaca de la Palma, and Monterey, and in the capture of the city of Mexico. He was promoted to be captain in Aug., 1850, took part in the campaigns against the Indians of Florida and Texas, and accompanied the military expedition to Utah in 1857. At the opening of the Civil war he was commander at Fort McHenry and skillfully prevented its falling into the hands of the Confederates. Later he engaged in recruiting service in Ohio and Michigan, and in Sept., 1861, was commissioned colonel of the 1st Mich. volunteers. In Feb., 1862, he was promoted to be major in the regular army, and on April 28, was appointed brigadier-general of volunteers. He participated in all the battles of McClellan's Peninsular campaign, and led a division at Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg and the Wilderness. He was brevetted lieutenant- colonel for services at Gettysburg, and colonel for his gallantry in the Wilderness. During a charge on the Confederate breastworks at Spottsylvania Court House he received a wound that necessitated the amputation of his left leg and disabled him for further active service. Until the close of the war he commanded districts in New York, and in 1866 was military commander in North Carolina, and commissioner for that state of the Freedmen's bureau. He was brevetted major-general of volunteers in June, 1864; brigadier and major- general in the regular army in March, 1865, and in July, 1866, was commissioned colonel. He served as commander of the Department of the South in 1867; of the Department of the Lakes in 1868 and 1869, and on May 9 of the year last named was, at his own request, placed on the retired list with the full rank of major-general. In 1872 Gen. Robinson was, as a Republican, elected lieutenant-governor of New York, and held that office until 1876. In 1877 and 1878 he was commander-in-chief of the G. A. R., and in 1887 and 1888, president of the Society of the Army of the Potomac. After retiring from the lieutenant-governorship, in 1876, he engaged in various business enterprises in Binghamton, N. Y., and died on Feb. 18, 1897.

Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908

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