Primary Source Material
on the Soldiers and the Battles
Home The Armies The Soldiers The Battles Civilians Articles
If this website has been useful to you, please consider making a Donation.

Your support will help keep this website free for everyone, and will allow us to do more research. Thank you for your support!

Civil War Soldiers - Reynolds

Reynolds, John F., major-general, U.S. Army, was born in Lancaster, Pa., in 1820, graduated at West Point on June 30, 1841, and on Oct. 23 following, received his commission as second lieutenant in the 3d artillery. On June 13, 1846, he was promoted to the rank of first lieutenant, and served throughout the Mexican war, winning the brevets of captain and major for his "gallant and meritorious conduct" at Monterey and Buena Vista. After his return from Mexico he was engaged in military service in California, and against the Indians on the Pacific coast. In 1852 he was appointed aid to Gen. Wool, and on March 3, 1855, was promoted to a captaincy in the 3d artillery. On May 14, 1861, he was appointed lieutenant-colonel of the 14th U. S. infantry, and on Aug. 20 was commissioned brigadier-general of volunteers, and appointed to the command of the 1st brigade of the Pennsylvania reserve corps. In June, 1862, the reserves joined the Army of the Potomac, on the peninsula, and Gen. Reynolds, on June 26, participated in the battle of Mechanicsville, and the next day took part in the severe battle of Gaines' mill. He was also engaged at Savage Station, and at Charles City cross-roads, where he took command of the division after Gen. McCall was taken prisoner, and at a late hour the same day was himself captured by the enemy and sent to Richmond. For his gallantry in these battles he received the brevets of colonel and brigadier-general in the regular army. After his release from Richmond, and on Sept. 26, he returned to the command of his division, and soon after assumed command of the 1st army corps, by virtue of seniority of rank. He commanded this corps in the first battle of Fredericksburg, and in Jan., 1863, he was nominated major-general of volunteers. He hastened forward in the movement to Gettysburg at the direction of the commanding general, and arrived there in the vanguard of the Federal army, and bringing his little corps of 8,000 men into action against a Confederate force of three times that number, he rode forward to reconnoiter a grove in which the enemy had placed a large body of sharp-shooters; and dismounting from his horse, approached a fence and looked over toward the wood, when he was struck in the neck by a rifle ball, fell upon his face and died in a few minutes, July 1, 1863.

Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908

Reynolds, Joseph J., major-general, U.S. Army, was born in Flemingsburg, Ky., Jan. 4, 1822. He was graduated at the United States military academy in 1843, took part in the military occupation of Texas, and was promoted 1st lieutenant in 1847. He was assistant professor at the military academy from 1846 to 1849, then principal assistant professor of natural and experimental philosophy until 1855, served on frontier duty at Fort Wichita, Ind. Ter., 1855-56, and resigned from the army, Feb. 28, 1857. He was then professor of mechanics and engineering at Washington university, St. Louis, Mo., until 1860, engaged in business for a time in Lafayette, Ind., and on April 25, 1861, re-entered the national service as colonel of the 10th Ind. infantry. He was commissioned brigadier-general of volunteers, on May 17, served in western Virginia under Rosecrans and McClellan, and in September was left in command of the Cheat mountain district. Here he engaged in several skirmishes and also in the action at Greenbrier river on Oct. 3, and on Jan. 23, 1862, resigned his commission, subsequently engaging in recruiting troops in Indiana. He became colonel of the 75th Ind. volunteers in August, and on Sept. 17 was again given a commission as brigadier-general of volunteers, being promoted major-general on Nov. 29. He took part in the engagement at Hoover's gap, June 24, 1863, was engaged at Chickamauga, Sept. 19-20, and on Oct. 10, 1863, was made chief of staff of the Army of the Cumberland, in which capacity he took part in the battle of Chattanooga. He commanded the defenses of New Orleans from Jan. to June, 1864, and was then made commander of the 19th army corps. He then commanded successively the Mississippi river from its mouth to Memphis, the military division of west Mississippi and the Department of Arkansas, commanding also the 7th army corps from Nov., 1864, to Aug., 1865. He was promoted colonel in the regular army and given command of the 26th infantry, July 28, 1866, was mustered out of the volunteer service on Sept. 1, and on March 2, 1867, was brevetted brigadier-general and major- general in the regular army for gallantry at Chickamauga and Missionary ridge, respectively. He was afterwards in command of various posts and districts until June 25, 1877, when he was retired for disability contracted in the line of duty. He died in Washington, D. C., Feb. 25, 1899.

Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908

Whats New
About Us

Copyright 2010 by
A Division of