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Civil War Soldiers - Raum

Raum, Green B., brigadier-general, U.S. Army, was born in Golconda, Ill., Dec. 3, 1829. He was admitted to the bar in 1853 and practiced in his native town until 1856, when he removed to Kansas and became identified with the Free-state party. He returned to Illinois in 1857, practiced in Harrisburg until the Civil war, and after the firing upon Fort Sumter made the first war speech in southern Illinois, at Metropolis. He entered the Federal army as major of the 56th Ill. infantry, Sept. 28, 1861, was promoted lieutenant-colonel in June, 1862, and colonel on Aug. 31. He served with Gen. Rosecrans in the Army of the Mississippi, led a successful bayonet charge at Corinth on Oct. 4, and afterwards commanded a brigade in the Vicksburg campaign and also in the Chattanooga campaign, being severely wounded at Missionary ridge, Nov. 25, 1863. During the Atlanta campaign he held the line of communication from Dalton to Acworth and from Kingston to Rome, and in Oct., 1864, reinforced Resaca and held it against Hood. He was brevetted brigadier-general of volunteers, Sept. 19, 1864, received promotion to the full rank, Feb. 15, 1865, and was with Sherman on his march to the sea and in the assembling of his army in South Carolina, his final service being as commander of a brigade in the veteran corps under Halleck at Winchester, Va. He resigned his commission in May, 1865, was builder and first president of the Cairo & Vincennes railroad in 1866, and from 1867-69 was Republican representative in Congress from the 13th Illinois district. He was president of the Illinois Republican convention in 1866, temporary president in 1876, and in the latter year was delegate to the Republican national convention. He was commissioner of internal revenue from 1876 to 1883; practiced law in Washington then until 1889; was commissioner of pensions, 1889-93, and then engaged in the practice of law in Chicago.

Source: The Union Army: A History of Military Affairs in the Loyal States 1861-1865, Volume 8 Biographical, 1908

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